Exact ab initio transport coefficients in bcc Fe-X (X=Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, P, Si) dilute alloys
2014 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 90, no 10, 104203- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Defect-driven diffusion of impurities is the major phenomenon leading to formation of embrittling nanoscopic precipitates in irradiated reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steels. Diffusion depends strongly on the kinetic correlations that may lead to flux coupling between solute atoms and point defects. In this work, flux coupling phenomena such as solute drag by vacancies and radiation-induced segregation at defect sinks are systematically investigated for six bcc iron-based dilute binary alloys, containing Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, P, and Si impurities, respectively. First, solute-vacancy interactions and migration energies are obtained by means of ab initio calculations; subsequently, self-consistent mean field theory is employed in order to determine the exact Onsager matrix of the alloys. This innovative multiscale approach provides a more complete treatment of the solute-defect interaction than previous multifrequency models. Solute drag is found to be a widespread phenomenon that occurs systematically in ferritic alloys and is enhanced at low temperatures (as for instance RPV operational temperature), as long as an attractive solute-vacancy interaction is present, and that the kinetic modeling of bcc alloys requires the extension of the interaction shell to the second-nearest neighbors. Drag occurs in all alloys except Fe(Cr); the transition from dragging to nondragging regime takes place for the other alloys around (Cu, Mn, Ni) or above (P, Si) the Curie temperature. As far as only the vacancy-mediated solute migration is concerned, Cr depletion at sinks is foreseen by the model, as opposed to the other impurities which are expected to enrich up to no less than 1000 K. The results of this study confirm the current interpretation of the hardening processes in ferritic-martensitic steels under irradiation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 90, no 10, 104203- p.
Radiation-Induced Segregation, Pressure-Vessel Steels, Augmented-Wave Method, Monte-Carlo Approach, Alpha-Iron, Phenomenological Coefficients, Positron-Annihilation, Ultrasoft Pseudopotentials, Atomistic Simulations, Multicomponent Alloy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-157221DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.104203ISI: 000344014700002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84907478712OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-157221DiVA: diva2:769793
QC 201412092014-12-092014-12-082015-11-23Bibliographically approved