Advanced ceramic fuel cell R&D
2004 (English)In: Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology - 2004, 2004, 409-417 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Since many years in Swedish national research project and Swedish-Chinese research framework we have carried out advanced ceramic fuel cell research and development, targeting for intermediate and low temperature ceramic or solid oxide fuel cells (ILTCFCs or ILTSOFCs, 300-700°C) based on ceramic-based composite materials. The ceramic composite material developments in Sweden have been experienced from the oxyacid-salts oxide proton-based conductors, non-oxide containment salts, the ceria-based composite electrolytes and nano-composites. Among them the ceria-based composites showed excellent ionic conductivity of 0.01 to 1 Scm-1 and ILTCFCs using these composites as electrolytes have achieved high performances of 200 to 1000 mWcm-2 at temperatures between 400 and 700°C. The excellent ion conduction was resulted from hybrid proton and oxygen ion conduction. The hybrid ion conduction and dual electrode reactions and processes create a new fuel cell system. Advanced ceramic fuel cell aims at developing a new generation to realize the challenges for fuel cell commercialization. This paper reviews our more than 14 years R&D on the field with emphasis on the recent progresses and achievements.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. 409-417 p.
Ceramic fuel cell, Fuel cell systems, Hybrid proton, Nanoelectromechanics, Alcohol fuels, Ceramic materials, Coal gas, Computer simulation, Electric potential, Hydrogen, Numerical methods, Silver, Thermal effects, Thin films, Fuel cells
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-157190ScopusID: 2-s2.0-4344688676ISBN: 0791841650ISBN: 978-079184165-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-157190DiVA: diva2:769865
Second International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, 14 June 2004 through 16 June 2004, Rochester, NY, United States
QC 201412092014-12-092014-12-082014-12-09Bibliographically approved