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Effect of the GRACE satellite mission on gravity field studies in Fennoscandia and the Baltic Sea region
KTH, Superseded Departments, Infrastructure.
2004 (English)In: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences: Geology, ISSN 1406-0132, Vol. 53, no 2, 67-93 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is customary to utilize the Earth's artificial satellites for detecting long-wavelength components of the Earth's gravity field. The tracking data of the GRACE twin-satellites are the basis of the new geopotential model GGM01, released by the Centre for Space Research at the University of Texas in July 2003. The present paper assesses the quality of the GGM01 model through comparisons with an earlier geopotential model (EGM96). The method of spherical harmonic expansions is used in numerical investigations. The results of evaluation in Fennoscandia and the Baltic Sea region illuminate the discrepancies between the long-wavelength contributions of the models, which may reach several decimetres in the geoidal heights. Thus, even in the gravimetrically well studied area like the Baltic Sea region, the new satellite gravity missions may improve the gravity data significantly. Tests with high-precision GPS-levelling data indicate the offsets between global geoid models and national vertical datums in the Baltic Sea region. The gravity anomaly grid and the GGM01 model are utilized in the computation of the Estonian gravimetric geoid model by the least squares modification of Stokes' formula. The new model EST-03 is fitted to a set of 26 high-precision GPS-levelling points, yielding a root mean square error of 3 cm for the post-fitting residuals. This order of discrepancies is sufficient for many practical and scientific applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 53, no 2, 67-93 p.
Keyword [en]
Estonia, Geopotential model, GPS-levelling, GRACE, Gravimetric geoid, Least squares modification, Stokes' formula, geoid, GPS, gravity anomaly, gravity field, least squares method, satellite, spherical harmonics, Stokes formula, Atlantic Ocean, Baltic Sea, Eurasia, Fennoscandia
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-157439ScopusID: 2-s2.0-3242726979OAI: diva2:771140

QC 20141212

Available from: 2014-12-12 Created: 2014-12-09 Last updated: 2014-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Ellmann, Artu
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