Microscopic corrosion studies of duplex stainless steels
2004 (English)In: Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters), ISSN 1006-7191, Vol. 17, no 5, 625-631 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy and scanning electrochemical microscopy have been used for in situ monitoring of localized corrosion processes of different Duplex stainless steels (DSS) in acidic chloride solutions. The techniques allow imaging of local dissolution events with micrometer resolution, as opposed to conventional electrochemical techniques, which only give an overall view of the corrosion behavior. In addition, combined scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy and magnetic force microscopy were used for mapping the Volta potential variation over the surface of DSSs. A significant difference in Volta potential between the austenite and ferrite phases suggests galvanic interaction between the phases. A compositional gradient appears within 2 micrometers across the phase boundary, as seen with scanning Auger microscopy (SAM). In all, the studies suggest that higher alloyed DSS exhibit a more homogeneous dissolution behavior than lower alloyed DSS, due to higher and more similar corrosion resistance of the two phases, and enhanced resistance of the ferrite/austenite phase boundary regions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 17, no 5, 625-631 p.
Corrosion mechanism, Duplex stainless steel, Local electrochemical technique, Micrometer resolution, Surface analysis, Austenite, Corrosion resistance, Dissolution, Ferrite, Stainless steel, Compositional gradient, Electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy, Galvanic interaction, Magnetic force microscopy, Phase boundaries, Scanning Auger microscopy, Scanning electrochemical microscopy, Scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy, Volta potential variation, Steel corrosion
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-157767ScopusID: 2-s2.0-11144231814OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-157767DiVA: diva2:771817
QC 201412152014-12-152014-12-152014-12-15Bibliographically approved