Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Simulation of Wheel and Rail Profile Evolution: Wear Modelling and Validation
KTH, Superseded Departments, Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3447-6686
2004 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Numerical procedures for reliable wheel and rail wearprediction are rare. Recent development of simulationtechniques and computer power together with tribologicalknowledge do however suggest computer aided wear prediction.The objective of the related research field at the RoyalInstitute of Technology (KTH) is to arrive at a numericalprocedure able to simulate profile evolution due to uniformwear to a degree of accuracy sufficient for application tovehicle dynamics simulation. Such a tool would be useful formaintenance planning as well as optimisation of the transportsystem and its components.

The research contribution accounted for in this thesisincludes, in addition to a literature review, refinement ofmethods applied to uniform wheel wear simulation by inclusionof braking and improvement of the contact model. Further atentative application to uniform rail wheel simulation has beenproposed and tested.

The first part addresses issues related to braking andwheel-rail contact conditions in the context of wheel wearsimulation. The KTH approach includes Archard’s wear modelwith associated wear maps, vehicle dynamics simulation andrailway network definition. In previous work at KTH certainvariations in operating conditions have been accounted forthrough empirically estimated average scaling factors. Theobjective of the current research is to be able to include suchvariations in the set of simulations. In particular theinfluence of disc braking and varying friction and lubricationconditions are investigated. Both environmental factors likemoist and contamination and deliberate lubrication need to beconsidered. As part of the associated contact analysis theinfluence of tangential elastic deformation of the contactingsurfaces on the sliding velocity has been separatelyinvestigated and found to be essential in case of partial slipcontact conditions.

In the second part validation of the improvements related towheel wear simulation is addressed. Disc braking has beenincluded in the simulation set and a wear map for moist contactconditions based on recent tribometer tests has been draftedand tested. It has been shown that the previously used brakingfactor accounts for the combination of the contributions fromsurface elasticity and braking. Good agreement withmeasurements from the Stockholm commuter service is achieved.It is concluded that the model improvements accounted for aresufficient for adequate simulation of tread wear but thatfurther development of the flange / gauge corner contactmodelling may be needed.

In the final part a procedure for simulation of rail wearand corresponding profile evolution has been formulated. Asimulation set is selected defining the vehicles running on thetrack to be investigated, their operating conditions, andcontact parameters. Several variations of input data may beincluded together with the corresponding occurrenceprobability. Trial calculations of four non-lubricated curveswith radii from 303 m to 802 m show qualitatively reasonableresults in terms of profile shape development and difference inwear mechanisms between gauge corner and rail head. The wearrates related to traffic tonnage are however overestimated. Itis believed that model refinements in terms of environmentalinfluence and contact stress calculation are useful to improvethe quantitative results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2004. , x, 32 p.
Series
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2004:19
Keyword [en]
contact, wear, wear prediction, wear model, wheel profile, rail profile, simulation vehicle-track interaction, multibody simulation, MBS
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-1754ISBN: 91-7283-806-X (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-1754DiVA: diva2:7737
Presentation
(English)
Note
QC 20100531Available from: 2004-06-30 Created: 2004-06-30 Last updated: 2010-05-31Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Simulation of railway wheel profile development due to wear: influence of disc braking and contact environment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Simulation of railway wheel profile development due to wear: influence of disc braking and contact environment
2005 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 258, no 7-8, 1055-1063 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses issues related to braking and wheel-rail contact conditions in the context of wheel wear simulation. The KTH approach to the topic includes Archard's wear model with associated wear maps, vehicle dynamics simulation and railway network definition. In previous work at KTH certain variations in operating conditions have been accounted for through empirically estimated average scaling factors. The objective of the current research is to be able to include such variations in the set of simulations. In particular the influence of disc braking as well as varying friction and lubrication conditions are investigated. Both environmental factors like moist and contamination and deliberate lubrication need to be considered. As part of the associated contact analysis the influence of local elastic deformation on the sliding velocity has been separately investigated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2005
Keyword
railway wheel wear, wheel profile, simulation, disc braking
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Research subject
Järnvägsgruppen - Fordonsteknik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6415 (URN)10.1016/j.wear.2004.03.055 (DOI)000227273800013 ()2-s2.0-13844269270 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20100531. 6th International Conference on Contact Mechanics and Wear of Rail/Wheel Systems. GOTHENBURG, SWEDEN. JUN 10-13, 2003

Available from: 2006-11-22 Created: 2006-11-22 Last updated: 2016-07-22Bibliographically approved
2. Wheel Wear Modelling Including Disc Braking and Contact Environment: Simulation of 18 Months of Commuter Service in Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wheel Wear Modelling Including Disc Braking and Contact Environment: Simulation of 18 Months of Commuter Service in Stockholm
2004 (English)In: Proceedings of the 14th International Wheelset Congress, 2004Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses some aspects of modelling and validation of wheel wear simulation. In previous work at KTH the influences of braking and lubrication have been accounted for through empirically estimated average scaling factors. The current research shows how to include those effects in the set of simulations instead. Disc braking has been included in the simulation set and a wear map for moist contact conditions based on recent tribometer tests has been drafted and tested. Good agreement with measurements from theStockholmcommuter service is achieved. It is concluded that the model improvements accounted for are sufficient for adequate simulation of tread wear but that further development of the flange / gauge corner contact modelling is needed.

National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Research subject
Järnvägsgruppen - Fordonsteknik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13144 (URN)
External cooperation:
Conference
14th International Wheelset Congress, Orlando, October 17-22, 2004
Note

QC 20100531

Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-05-31 Last updated: 2016-09-02Bibliographically approved
3. Tentative Formulation of Simulation of Rail Profile Evolution due to Uniform Wear
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tentative Formulation of Simulation of Rail Profile Evolution due to Uniform Wear
(English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Järnvägsgruppen - Fordonsteknik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13146 (URN)
Note
QS 20120326Available from: 2010-05-31 Created: 2010-05-31 Last updated: 2012-03-26Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(582 kB)5666 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 582 kBChecksum MD5
c6228deb521085b38638106a3df46f7f363c3ed690a1007e1027ca057ca4ee752d352260
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Authority records BETA

Enblom, Roger

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Enblom, Roger
By organisation
Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 5666 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 2004 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf