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Dark D-brane cosmology
KTH, Centres, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA. University of Oslo, Norway; University of Helsinki, Finland.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9403-8565
2014 (English)In: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, Vol. 2014, no 6, 036- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Disformally coupled cosmologies arise from Dirac-Born-Infeld actions in Type II string theories, when matter resides on a moving hidden sector D-brane. Since such matter interacts only very weakly with the standard model particles, this scenario can provide a natural origin for the dark sector of the universe with a clear geometrical interpretation: dark energy is identified with the scalar field associated to the D-brane's position as it moves in the internal space, acting as quintessence, while dark matter is identified with the matter living on the D-brane, which can be modelled by a perfect fluid. The coupling functions are determined by the (warped) extra-dimensional geometry, and are thus constrained by the theory. The resulting cosmologies are studied using both dynamical system analysis and numerics. From the dynamical system point of view, one free parameter controls the cosmological dynamics, given by the ratio of the warp factor and the potential energy scales. The disformal coupling allows for new scaling solutions that can describe accelerating cosmologies alleviating the coincidence problem of dark energy. In addition, this scenario may ameliorate the fine-tuning problem of dark energy, whose small value may be attained dynamically, without requiring the mass of the dark energy field to be unnaturally low.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 2014, no 6, 036- p.
Keyword [en]
dark matter theory, string theory and cosmology, dark energy theory
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-158457DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2014/06/036ISI: 000346407200036Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84902584073OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-158457DiVA: diva2:776948
Note

QC 20150108

Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2015-01-08 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Koivisto, Tomi

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