Local and Non local Optically Induced Transparency Effects in Graphene-Silicon Hybrid Nanophotonic Integrated Circuits
2014 (English)In: ACS Nano, ISSN 1936-0851, E-ISSN 1936-086X, Vol. 8, no 11, 11386-11393 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Graphene is well-known as a two-dimensional sheet of carbon atoms arrayed in a honeycomb structure. It has some unique and fascinating properties, which are useful for realizing many optoelectronic devices and applications, including transistors, photodetectors, solar cells, and modulators. To enhance lightgraphene interactions and take advantage of its properties, a promising approach is to combine a graphene sheet with optical waveguides, such as silicon nanophotonic wires considered in this paper. Here we report local and nonlocal optically induced transparency (OIT) effects in graphenesilicon hybrid nanophotonic integrated circuits. A low-power, continuous-wave laser is used as the pump light, and the power required for producing the OIT effect is as low as similar to 0.1 mW. The corresponding power density is several orders lower than that needed for the previously reported saturated absorption effect in graphene, which implies a mechanism involving light absorption by the silicon and photocarrier transport through the silicongraphene junction. The present OIT effect enables low power, all-optical, broadband control and sensing, modulation and switching locally and nonlocally.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 8, no 11, 11386-11393 p.
graphene, optically induced transparency, local and nonlocal, silicon, low power
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-158291DOI: 10.1021/nn504377mISI: 000345553000041PubMedID: 25372937ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84912535774OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-158291DiVA: diva2:777848
QC 201501092015-01-092015-01-072015-01-09Bibliographically approved