Direct Determination of Resonance Energy Transfer in Photolyase: Structural Alignment for the Functional State
2014 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, E-ISSN 1520-5215, Vol. 118, no 45, 10522-10530 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Photoantenna is essential to energy transduction in photoinduced biological machinery. A photoenzyme, photolyase, has a light-harvesting pigment of methenyltetrahydrofolate (MTHF) that transfers its excitation energy to the catalytic flavin cofactor FADH to enhance DNA-repair efficiency. Here we report our systematic characterization and direct determination of the ultrafast dynamics of resonance energy transfer from excited MTHF to three flavin redox states in E. coli photolyase by capturing the intermediates formed through the energy transfer and thus excluding the electron-transfer quenching pathway. We observed 170 ps for excitation energy transferring to the fully reduced hydroquinone FADH, 20 ps to the fully oxidized FAD, and 18 ps to the neutral semiquinone FADH, and the corresponding orientation factors (kappa(2)) were determined to be 2.84, 1.53 and 1.26, respectively, perfectly matching with our calculated theoretical values. Thus, under physiological conditions and over the course of evolution, photolyase has adopted the optimized orientation of its photopigment to efficiently convert solar energy for repair of damaged DNA.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 118, no 45, 10522-10530 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-158405DOI: 10.1021/jp504349bISI: 000344976900026ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84924246526OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-158405DiVA: diva2:777948
QC 201501092015-01-092015-01-072015-01-09Bibliographically approved