Intramolecular Iron-Mediated C-H Bond Heterolysis with an Assist of Pendant Base in a [FeFe]-Hydrogenase Model
2014 (English)In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 136, no 48, 16817-16823 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Although many metalloenzymes containing iron play a prominent role in biological C-H activation processes, to date iron-mediated C(sp(3-)H heterolysis has not been reported for synthetic models of Fe/S-metalloenzymes. In contrast, ample precedent has established that nature's design for reversible hydrogen activation by the diiron hydrogenase ([FeFe]-H(2)ase) active site involves multiple irons, sulfur bridges, a redox switch, and a pendant amine base, in an intricate arrangement to perform H-H heterolytic cleavage. In response to whether this strategy might be extended to C-H activation, we report that a [FeFe]-H2ase model demonstrates iron-mediated intramolecular C-H heterolytic cleavage via an agostic C-H interaction, with proton removal by a nearby pendant amine, affording Fe-II-[ Fe'(II)-CH- S] three-membered-ring products, which can be reduced back to 1 by (CpCo)-Co-2 in the presence of HBF4. The function of the pendant base as a proton shuttle was confirmed by the crystal structures of the N-protonated intermediate and the final deprotonated product in comparison with that of a similar but pendant-amine-free complex that does not show evidence of C-H activation. The mechanism of the process was backed up by DFT calculations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 136, no 48, 16817-16823 p.
Activation analysis, Chemical activation, Design for testability, Iron, Protons, DFT calculation, Heterolytic cleavage, Hydrogen activation, Metalloenzymes, Pendant amines, Proton shuttle, Sulfur bridges, Synthetic models
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-158268DOI: 10.1021/ja5078014ISI: 000345883900027PubMedID: 25244613ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84915820409OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-158268DiVA: diva2:778132
FunderSwedish Energy AgencyKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
QC 201501092015-01-092015-01-072015-01-09Bibliographically approved