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Nanostructured Two-Component Liquid-Crystalline Electrolytes for High-Temperature Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
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2014 (English)In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 26, no 22, 6496-6502 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nanostructured liquid-crystalline (LC) ion transporters have been developed and applied as new electrolytes for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The new electrolytes are two-component liquid crystals consisting of a carbonate-based mesogen and an ionic liquid that self-assemble into two-dimensional (2D) nanosegregated structures forming well-defined ionic pathways suitable for the I-/I-3(-) redox couple transportation. These electrolytes are nonvolatile and they show LC phases over wide temperature ranges. The DSSCs containing these electrolytes exhibit exceptional open-circuit voltages (V-oc) and improved power conversion efficiencies with increasing temperature. Remarkably, these solar cells operate at temperatures up to 120 degrees C, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest working temperature reported for a DSSC. The nature of the LC electrolyte and the interactions at the TiO2 electrode/electrolyte interface lead to a partial suppression of electron recombination reactions, which is key in the exceptional features of these LC-DSSCs. Thus, this type of solar cells are of interest, because they can produce electricity efficiently from light at elevated temperatures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 26, no 22, 6496-6502 p.
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Materials Engineering Physical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-158399DOI: 10.1021/cm503090zISI: 000345550600022ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84912533119OAI: diva2:778200

QC 20150109

Available from: 2015-01-09 Created: 2015-01-07 Last updated: 2015-01-09Bibliographically approved

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