Numerical evaluation of heat flux and surface temperature on a misaligned JET divertor W lamella during ELMs
2014 (English)In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 54, no 12, 123011- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A series of experiments has been performed on JET to investigate the dynamics of transient melting due to edge localized modes (ELMs). The experiment employs a deliberately misaligned lamella in one module of the JET bulk tungsten outer divertor, allowing the combination of stationary power flux and ELMs to transiently melt the misaligned edge. During the design of the experiment a number of calculations were performed using 2D particle-in-cell simulations and a heat transfer code to investigate the influence on the deposited power flux of finite Larmor radius effects associated with the energetic ELM ions. This has been performed using parameter scans inside a range of pedestal temperatures and densities to scope different experimentally expected ELM energies. On the one hand, we observe optimistic results, with smoothing of the heat flux due to the Larmor gyration on the protruding side of the lamella which sees the direct parallel flux-the deposited power tends to be lower than the nominal value expected from geometric magnetic field line impact over a distance smaller than 2 Larmor radii, a finding which is always valid during ELMs for such a geometry. On the other hand, the fraction of the flux not reaching the directly wetted side is transferred and spread to the top surface of the lamella. The hottest point of the lamella (corner side/top) does not always benefit from the gain from the Larmor smoothing effect because of an enhanced power deposition from the second contribution.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 54, no 12, 123011- p.
PIC simulations, power flux, plasma-wall interactions, JET, divertor
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-158396DOI: 10.1088/0029-5515/54/12/123011ISI: 000345579800017ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84914680222OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-158396DiVA: diva2:778292
QC 201501092015-01-092015-01-072015-01-09Bibliographically approved