Preparation and characterization of functionalized cellulose nanocrystals
2015 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 115, 457-464 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this work, a series of functional nanocrystals (F-CNCs) was successfully produced by an efficient preparation method, combining acid hydrolysis and Fischer esterification with various organic acids. Functionalities such as ATRP initiators, double bonds, triple bonds, and thiols could be incorporated on CNCs. Surface modification was confirmed by FT-IR, XPS, and elemental analysis. Physical properties of FC-NCs were assessed by AFM, XRD and TGA. Moreover, ATRP initiator functionalized CNCs were utilized to graft poly(methyl methacrylate) via ATRP, thiol functionalized CNCs were reacted with Ellman's reagent to determine the thiol content and dye disperse red 13 was attached to alkyne functionalized CNCs to estimate the propiolate content. The herein presented method is a highly versatile and straightforward procedure for the preparation of F-CNCs which is believed to be a better alternative for the commonly utilized, extensive, multistep, and time consuming post functionalization methods.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 115, 457-464 p.
Acid hydrolysis, Cellulose nanocrystals, Esterification, Functionalization, Functional organic acid
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-158372DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.08.110ISI: 000344869800060ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84907484429OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-158372DiVA: diva2:780919
QC 201501152015-01-152015-01-072016-03-24Bibliographically approved