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Measuring Innovation using PatentIndicators
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial marketing.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

An analysis based on descriptive statistics is performed on patents granted by the European Patent Office. Two innovative performance ratios that are derived from relating patent count to research expenditure as well as number of research personnel in countries are used to perform the analyses. The dataset comprises data for a selected list of countries for a 7-year time interval between 1999 and 2005. The most significant conclusions from this research are the following: (a) The United States, Germany and Japan are the countries that have produced the most number of patents during the time period. The US has also held the most share of patents granted at the EPO with figures ranging between 27-28% from 1999 to 2005. (b) The inventive performance or the patent count to R&D expense ratio has remained a flat profile for developed countries during the time period. Developing nations had the most significant changes. In the past, the inventive performance ratio for the US has reduced significantly due to increase in R&D expenditure. In our analysis, it was observed that the R&D expenditure has reduced in 2005 and the ratio has increased. (c) The invention productive performance ratio was significantly high for Switzerland and Germany. These countries produced more number of patents per researcher and it was particularly high compared to other countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 49 p.
Keyword [en]
Patent statistics, innovations, patent indicators, R&D, innovation of countries
National Category
Economics and Business
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-159023OAI: diva2:782236
Available from: 2015-01-20 Created: 2015-01-20 Last updated: 2015-01-20Bibliographically approved

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