Sorption and weathering properties of naturally occurring chlorites
2004 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Chlorite is a ferrous silicate mineral occurring as afracture filling mineral in the Swedish granite bedrock thatsurrounds the area of the candidate Swedish geologicalrepositories for nuclear waste.
To investigate the importance of chlorites as a naturalbarrier for radionuclide migration sorption of Ni(II) onto anatural chlorite was chosen as the studied system. The sorptionbehaviour was studied using batch technique under differentexperimental conditions by varying the concentration ofbackground electrolyte, pH and initial nickel concentration.Our experiments showed that sorption is dependent of pH; belowpH 4 no sorption occurs and in the pH range 7-11 the sorptionmaxima was found. The sorption shows no dependence of ionicstrength in our experiments and together with pH dependency weconclude that the sorption of nickel to chlorite is mostlyoccurring through surface complexation. The distributioncoefficient, Kd, was determined for our results and in the range formaximal sorption the Kdis approximately 103cm3/g.
Our experimental data were described using a diffuse doublelayer model, including strong and weak surface sites, in thesoftware PHREECQ and the results obtained from PHREEQC werealso used for a fit of the data in the software FITEQL. Thesurface complexes that dominate the sorption of nickel tochlorite from our model are Chl_ONi+(weak) and for pH above 9 Chl_ONi(OH)-(weak). Flow-through technique was used in ourinvestigations regarding the dissolution rate of a naturalchlorite and the experimental results show that the dissolutionrate of chlorite is strongly pH dependent and at pH 2 thehighest dissolution rate (RSi) could be determined to 7• 10-11mol/(m2s) based on silica data.
Keywords:chlorite, nickel, sorption, surfacecomplexation, dissolution rate.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kemi , 2004. , x, 50 p.
chlorite, nickel, sorption, surface complexation, dissolution rate.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-1819ISBN: 91-7283-854-XOAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-1819DiVA: diva2:7825