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Reduction of the linting and dusting propensity of newspaper using starch and microfibrillated cellulose
Innventia AB, Sweden.
2010 (English)In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 25, no 4, 495-504 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is well known that a high linting and dusting tendency of newsprint will almost certainly cause a higher frequency of production stops in offset printing. Such stops are connected with production losses, health hazards and high costs for blanket cleaning. This report deals with the area of surface and internal treatments of thermomechanical pulp (TMP) containing paper grades such as newsprint. The objective of such treatments was to reinforce the surface strength of the paper in order to decrease the linting and dusting of the paper during printing. Surface treatments are usually employed in commercial practice by applying modified starches to the paper surface using film-press technology. Internal treatments of modified starches may also reduce the delamination resistance. In this investigation, laboratory TMP-sheets and commercial newsprint sheets were coated with microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and anionic starch (A-starch). The surface treatments were also compared with internally treated TMP-sheets using cationic starch. The linting propensity of the sheets was evaluated using the Innventia linting propensity tester (Innventia-LPT). Both MFC and A-starch treatments greatly improved the linting propensity of the coated sheets. It was also found that there is a strong synergistic effect of using a mixture of microfibrillated cellulose and anionic starch. A mixture of these two additives gave a lower linting propensity than if either additive was used alone. When using MFC alone, sheet delamination may occur, due to the strong water retention and hold-out properties of MFC, but if anionic starch was used together with MFC a film anchoring of the coating to the base sheet was achieved, improving the linting propensity without risk for delamination.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 25, no 4, 495-504 p.
Keyword [en]
Anionic starch, Cationic starch, Dry strength, Dusting, Innventia linting propensity tester, Linting, Microfibrillated cellulose, Nanocellulose, Newsprint, Offset printing, Surface sizing, Surface treatment
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-159216DOI: 10.3183/NPPRJ-2010-25-04-p495-504OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-159216DiVA: diva2:783353
Note

QC 20150126

Available from: 2015-01-26 Created: 2015-01-26 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Microfibrillated cellulose: Energy-efficient preparation techniques and applications in paper
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microfibrillated cellulose: Energy-efficient preparation techniques and applications in paper
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This work describes three alternative processes for producing microfibrillated cellulose (MFC; also referred to as cellulose nanofibrils, CNF) in which bleached pulp fibres are first pretreated and then homogenized using a high-pressure homogenizer. In one process, fibre cell wall delamination was facilitated by a combined enzymatic and mechanical pretreatment. In the two other processes, cell wall delamination was facilitated by pretreatments that introduced anionically charged groups into the fibre wall, by means of either a carboxymethylation reaction or irreversibly attaching carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) to the fibres. All three processes are industrially feasible and enable energy-efficient production of MFC. Using these processes, MFC can be produced with an energy consumption of 500–2300 kWh/tonne. These materials have been characterized in various ways and it has been demonstrated that the produced MFCs are approximately 5–30 nm wide and up to several microns long.

The MFCs were also evaluated in a number of applications in paper. The carboxymethylated MFC was used to prepare strong free-standing barrier films and to coat wood-containing papers to improve the surface strength and reduce the linting propensity of the papers. MFC, produced with an enzymatic pretreatment, was also produced at pilot scale and was studied in a pilot-scale paper making trial as a strength agent added at the wet-end for highly filled papers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. 63 p.
Series
TRITA-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2015:5
Keyword
Microfibrillated cellulose, microfibrillar cellulose, nanofibrillated cellulose, nanofibrillar cellulose, cellulose nanofibrils, nanocellulose, MFC, NFC, CNF, production techniques, energy efficient, gel properties, films, enzymes, carboxymethylation, carboxymethyl cellulose, CMC, mechanical properties, oxygen barrier, homogenization, linting, papermaking
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Research subject
Fibre and Polymer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-159222 (URN)978-91-7595-426-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-02-27, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20150126

Available from: 2015-01-26 Created: 2015-01-26 Last updated: 2015-01-28Bibliographically approved

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