Nanometer Smooth, Macroscopic Spherical Cellulose Probes for Contact Adhesion Measurements
2014 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 6, no 23, 20928-20935 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cellulose spheres were prepared by dissolving cellulose fibers and subsequently solidifying the solution in a nonsolvent. Three different solution concentrations were tested and several nonsolvents were evaluated for their effect on the formation of spheres. Conditions were highlighted to create cellulose spheres with a diameter of similar to 1 mm and a root-mean-square surface roughness of similar to 1 nm. These solid spheres were shown to be easily chemically modified without changing the mechanical properties significantly. Contact adhesion measurements were then implemented with these spheres against a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) elastomer in order to quantify the adhesion. Using Johnson-Kendall-Roberts (JKR) theory, we quantified the adhesion for unmodified cellulose and hydrophobic cellulose spheres. We highlight the ability of these spheres to report more accurate adhesion information, compared to spin-coated thin films. The application of these new cellulose probes also opens up new possibilities for direct, accurate measurement of adhesion between cellulose and other materials instead of using uncertain surface energy determinations to calculate the theoretical work of adhesion between cellulose and different solid materials.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 6, no 23, 20928-20935 p.
cellulose, adhesion, surface roughness, contact adhesion, spheres, chemical modification
Nano Technology Polymer Technologies Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-159117DOI: 10.1021/am505673uISI: 000346326600044ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84917708903OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-159117DiVA: diva2:783960
FunderKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
QC 201501282015-01-282015-01-222015-01-28Bibliographically approved