Prosthesis-patient mismatch after transcatheter aortic valve implantation: impact of 2D-transthoracic echocardiography versus 3D-transesophageal echocardiography
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Cardiac Imaging, ISSN 1569-5794, E-ISSN 1573-0743, Vol. 30, no 8, 1549-1557 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To investigate the role of 2D-transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE) and 3D-transesophageal echocardiography (3D-TEE) in the determination of aortic annulus size prior transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and its' impact on the prevalence of patient prosthesis mismatch (PPM). Echocardiography plays an important role in measuring aortic annulus dimension in patients undergoing TAVI. This has great importance since it determines both eligibility for TAVI and selection of prosthesis type and size, and can be potentially important in preventing an inadequate ratio between the prosthetic valvular orifice and the patient's body surface area, concept known as prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM). A total of 45 patients were studied pre-TAVI: 20 underwent 3D-TEE (men/women 12/8, age 84.8 +/- A 5.6) and 25 2D-TTE (men/women 9/16, age 84.4 +/- A 5.4) in order to measure aortic annulus diameter. The presence of PPM was assessed before hospital discharge and after a mean period of 3 months. Moderate PPM was defined as indexed aortic valve area (AVAi) a parts per thousand currency sign 0.85 cm(2)/m(2) and severe PPM as AVAi < 0.65 cm(2)/m(2). Immediately post-TAVI, moderate PPM was present in 25 and 28 % of patients worked up using 3D-TEE and 2D-TTE respectively p value = n.s) and severe PPM occurred in 10 % of the patients who underwent 3D-TEE and in 20 % in those with 2D-TTE (p value = n.s). The echocardiographic evaluation 3 months post-TAVI showed 25 % moderate PPM in the 3D-TEE group compared with 24 % in the 2D-TTE group (p value = n.s) and no cases of severe PPM in the 3DTEE group comparing to 20 % in the 2D-TTE group (p = 0.032). Our results indicate a higher incidence of severe PPM in patients who performed 2DTTE compared to those performing 3DTEE prior TAVI. This suggests that the 3D technique should replace the 2DTTE analysis when investigating the aortic annulus diameter in patients undergoing TAVI.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 30, no 8, 1549-1557 p.
Prosthesis-patient mismatch, Transcatheter aortic valve implantation, Aortic annulus, 3D-transesophageal echocardiography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-158815DOI: 10.1007/s10554-014-0510-0ISI: 000345093100018ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84905318285OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-158815DiVA: diva2:784129
QC 201501282015-01-282015-01-122015-01-28Bibliographically approved