Design and analysis of a novel low loss homopolar electrodynamic bearing
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
A novel homopolar electrodynamic bearing, together with a suitable permanent magnet drive, have been developed for high-speed applications where low losses and high reliability are essential and exclude the use of ball bearings, and yet where active magnetic bearings offer a too complex system solution. Considered applications are small turbomolecular vacuum pumps, and maintenance free flywheels for energy storage in remote telecom and satellite systems. Other upcoming areas where these bearings offer interesting technical and economic solutions are compressors for fuel cells and heat pumps, applications which normally suffer from short bearing lifetime.
Unlike active magnetic bearings, forces are produced in electrodynamic bearings without any control electronics, thanks to stabilizing eddy currents induced by permanent magnets. In the novel homopolar concept eddy current losses are reduced to a minimum using a homopolar design with ring magnets instead of multipole or Halbach arrays.
Currents and forces are simulated using steady state 3D-FEM analysis, which can take velocity into account using an implemented Minkowski transform. From these results an analytical model has been developed, and the results are compared. The results are converted into useful rotordynamic data that is easily understood by machine engineers.
The bearing has been experimentally tested in a rebuilt turbomolecular vacuum pump up to 90,000 rpm. Bearing forces have been accurately measured on a specially designed spring suspended scales, in which the bearing rotor is powered with the permanent magnet drive. Comparison of measured data with results from the 3D-FEM analysis shows excellent agreement.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2005. , xiii, 193 p.
Trita-ETS, ISSN 1650-674X ; 2005:02
Electrical engineering, Homopolar bearing, Electrodynamic bearing, Induction bearing
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-185ISBN: 91-7178-032-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-185DiVA: diva2:7845
2005-05-13, Sal V1, KTH, Teknikringen 76, Stockholm, 10:15
QC 201010262005-05-102005-05-102010-10-26Bibliographically approved