A review on lignin-based polymeric, micro- and nano-structured materials
2014 (English)In: Reactive & functional polymers, ISSN 1381-5148, Vol. 85, no SI, 78-96 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Next to cellulose, lignin is the second most abundant biopolymer, and the main source of aromatic structures on earth. It is a phenolic macromolecule, with a complex structure which considerably varies depending on the plant species and the isolation process. Lignin has long been obtained as a by-product of cellulose in the paper pulp production, but had rather low added-value applications. Changes in the paper market have however stimulated the need to focus on other applications for lignins. In addition, the emergence of biorefinery projects to develop biofuels, bio-based materials and chemicals from carbohydrate polymers should also generate large amounts of lignin with the potential for value addition. These developments have brought about renewed interest in the last decade for lignin and its potential use in polymer materials. This review covers both the topics of the direct use of lignin in polymer applications, and of the chemical modifications of lignin, in a polymer chemistry perspective. The future trend toward micro- and nanostructured lignin-based materials is then addressed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 85, no SI, 78-96 p.
Lignin, Copolymer, Functionalization, Chemical modification, Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-159391DOI: 10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2014.09.017ISI: 000347274800010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84912571931OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-159391DiVA: diva2:784622
FunderKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
QC 201501302015-01-302015-01-292015-01-30Bibliographically approved