Carbon-Carbon Bonds by Hydrolytic Enzymes
2003 (English)In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 125, no 4, 874-875 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Enzymes are efficient catalysts in synthetic chemistry, and their catalytic activity with unnatural substrates in organic reaction media is an area attracting much attention. Protein engineering has opened the possibility to change the reaction specificity of enzymes and allow for new reactions to take place in their active sites. We have used this strategy on the well-studied active-site scaffold offered by the serine hydrolase Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB, EC 22.214.171.124) to achieve catalytic activity for aldol reactions. The catalytic reaction was studied in detail by means of quantum chemical calculations in model systems. The predictions from the quantum chemical calculations were then challenged by experiments. Consequently, Ser105 in CALB was targeted by site-directed mutagenesis to create enzyme variants lacking the nucleophilic feature of the active site. The experiments clearly showed an increased reaction rate when the aldol reaction was catalyzed by the mutant enzymes as compared to the wild-type lipase. We expect that the new catalytic activity, harbored in the stable protein scaffold of the lipase, will allow aldol additions of substrates, which cannot be reached by traditional aldolases
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 125, no 4, 874-875 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5090DOI: 10.1021/ja028056bISI: 000180579600011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5090DiVA: diva2:7847
QC 201009012005-05-102005-05-102010-09-01Bibliographically approved