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Effect of Partial Discharges on Thermal Breakdown of Oil Impregnated Paper
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1766-8077
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0759-4406
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
2015 (English)In: IEEJ TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING, ISSN 1931-4973, E-ISSN 1931-4981, Vol. 10, S14-S18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we investigate the effect of partial discharges (PDs) on the thermal breakdown voltage of oil-impregnated paper (OIP). A disk-shaped cavity in a stack of paper sheets formed the PD source. The paper sample was exposed to PDs for 18 h. Dielectric spectroscopy measurements were performed on the samples before and after exposure to PD activity. The dielectric spectroscopy results showed a big change in the real and imaginary part of the permittivity. These results were used to calculate the activation energy and heat losses inside the insulation. In order to investigate the possibility of thermal breakdown in the system, the OIP system was simulated by using the FEM software COMSOL Multiphysics. The heat produced by PD pulses and dielectric losses was considered in the simulation. The results show that for the OIP insulation, PD activity can reduce the thermal breakdown voltage by a factor up to 4 times.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2015. Vol. 10, S14-S18 p.
Keyword [en]
oil-impregnated paper, partial discharges, thermal breakdown
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-159681DOI: 10.1002/tee.22159ISI: 000369951400003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84944519439OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-159681DiVA: diva2:786821
Funder
SweGRIDS - Swedish Centre for Smart Grids and Energy Storage
Note

Updated from manuscript to article in journal.

QC 20160202. QC 20160318

Available from: 2015-02-06 Created: 2015-02-06 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Mechanisms of Electrical Ageing of Oilimpregnated Paper due to Partial Discharges
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mechanisms of Electrical Ageing of Oilimpregnated Paper due to Partial Discharges
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this thesis, partial discharge (PD) phenomenon in oil-impregnated paper (OIP) is investigated under accelerated electrical stress. The thesis is mainly focused on the characteristic of PD activity and the influence it has on the insulation properties of OIP. PD source was created by introducing an air filled cavity embedded between layers of OIP. PD activity is investigated from the initiation up to final puncture breakdown of the OIP. The time-evolution of number, maximum magnitude and average magnitude of PD is investigated for cavities with different diameter and height. It was found that time to breakdown is shorter if the cavity diameter is larger and cavities with higher depth produce larger PDs. Comparison between PD activity in three cases, i.e. unaged OIP, thermally aged OIP and OIP samples with higher moisture content is performed. In general, it is found that for all cases the number and the maximum magnitude of PD follows a similar trend versus ageing time. During the very beginning of the experiment large discharges occur and they disappear after a short ageing time. Number and maximum magnitude of PD increase with time until reaching a peak value. Finally both parameters decrease with time and puncture breakdown occurs in the sample. Even though PD activity in thermally aged OIP is higher compared to the unaged OIP samples, the time to breakdown for new and thermally aged OIP samples is similar while it is shorter for OIP samples with higher moisture content.

In this thesis, partial discharge (PD) phenomenon in oil-impregnated paper (OIP) is investigated under accelerated electrical stress. The thesis is mainly focused on the characteristic of PD activity and the influence it has on the insulation properties of OIP. PD source was created by introducing an air filled cavity embedded between layers of OIP. PD activity is investigated from the initiation up to final puncture breakdown of the OIP. The time-evolution of number, maximum magnitude and average magnitude of PD is investigated for cavities with different diameter and height. It was found that time to breakdown is shorter if the cavity diameter is larger and cavities with higher depth produce larger PDs. Comparison between PD activity in three cases, i.e. unaged OIP, thermally aged OIP and OIP samples with higher moisture content is performed. In general, it is found that for all cases the number and the maximum magnitude of PD follows a similar trend versus ageing time. During the very beginning of the experiment large discharges occur and they disappear after a short ageing time. Number and maximum magnitude of PD increase with time until reaching a peak value. Finally both parameters decrease with time and puncture breakdown occurs in the sample. Even though PD activity in thermally aged OIP is higher compared to the unaged OIP samples, the time to breakdown for new and thermally aged OIP samples is similar while it is shorter for OIP samples with higher moisture content.

Breakdown strength of OIP samples is measured before and after ageing with PDs. It is found that the breakdown strength of OIP samples decreases by around 40% after the sample is exposed to accelerated electrical ageing. Furthermore a thermal model was developed to investigate the possible transition of breakdown mechanism from erosion to thermal breakdown in OIP dielectrics. It was found that PD activity can lower the thermal breakdown voltage of OIP up to four times.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. xiv, 112 p.
Series
TRITA-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2015:006
Keyword
partial discharges, oil-impregnated paper, oil, transformer insulation, dielectric frequency response, breakdown strength, ion mobility, thermal ageing, electrical ageing, moisture in paper, life time, thermal breakdown.
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Electrical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-159670 (URN)978-91-7595-443-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-02-27, H1, Teknikringen 33, KTH, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
SweGRIDS - Swedish Centre for Smart Grids and Energy Storage
Note

QC 20150206

Available from: 2015-02-06 Created: 2015-02-06 Last updated: 2015-10-08Bibliographically approved

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Ghaffarian Niasar, MohamadTaylor, Nathaniel

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