Analysis of the compressive response of Nano Fibrillar Cellulose foams
2015 (English)In: Mechanics of materials (Print), ISSN 0167-6636, Vol. 80, no Part A, 13-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nano Fibrillar Cellulose (NFC) is fast emerging as a biomaterial with promising applications, one of which is cellular foam. The inner structure of the foam can take various shapes and hierarchical micro-structures depending on the manufacturing parameters. The compressive response of foams developed from these materials is currently a primary criterion for the material development. In this work, we focus on the connection between the non-linear part of the response and the inner structure of the material. We study the effect of internal contact and its contribution to gradual stiffening in the energy absorbing region and accelerated stiffening in the densification region of the large strain compressive response. We use the finite element method in this study and discuss the applicability and efficiency of different modelling techniques by considering well defined geometries and available experimental data. The relative contribution of internal contact is singled out and mapped onto the overall compressive response of the material. The effect of initial non-straightness of the cell walls is studied through superposing differing percentages of the buckling modes on the initial geometry. The initial non-straightness is seen to have a significant effect for only strains up to 1%. The secant modulus measured at slightly higher strains of 4%, demonstrates lesser effect from the non-straightness of cell walls. The simulations capture the compressive response well into the densification regime and there is an order of magnitude agreement in between simulations and experiments. We observed that internal contact is crucial for capturing the trend of compressive response.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 80, no Part A, 13-26 p.
NFC foams, Internal contact, Voronoi structures, Foam densification, Effect of foam porosity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-159620DOI: 10.1016/j.mechmat.2014.09.006ISI: 000347493100002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84908214965OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-159620DiVA: diva2:787162
FunderSwedish Research Council
QC 201502092015-02-092015-02-052015-05-21Bibliographically approved