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Design and Analysis of the Controland Stability of a Blended WingBody Aircraft
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Aerodynamics.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Future aircraft generations are required to have higher performance and capacities.

This achievement should be fulfilled with the minimum cost and environmental

impact. This calls for the design of new unconventional configurations, such as the

Blended Wing Body (BWB), a tailless aircraft which integrates the wing and the

fuselage into a single lifting surface. It has been proven in previously published

works that this concept is feasible, has an efficient economical performance and

is a promising candidate for solving the current air traffic problems, despite its

challenging control and stability features. Moreover, the size of the vertical surfaces,

such as the winglets, condition the radar detectability of the BWB model,

especially for military missions. The goal of the department of Aeronautical and

Vehicle Engineering at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) and of the department

of Air Transport Systems of the German Aerospace Centre (DLR) is to

investigate new ways to improve the conceptual design process of the aircrafts in

a multidisciplinary environment. In order to design future unconventional aircraft

configurations (such as the Blended Wing Body), the CEASIOM (Computerised

Environment for Aircraft Synthesis and Integrated Optimisation Methods) geometry

module, AcBuilder, is replaced and enhanced by implementing the Common

Parametric Aircraft Configuration Scheme (CPACS), developed by the DLR as

a basis technology. CPACS is meant to become a unified software framework to

allow the sharing of the work and information, making it accessible for every person.

It requires an implementation of the software modules in a framework using

a common language for all the tools, in order to make later alterations of this

framework easier. A detailed research of the latest developments and advances

in the BWB concept was performed in order to identify the main principles and

best design options. Afterwards, by using the implemented improved tool CPACSCreator

(CC) based on CPACS, instead of Acbuilder, a BWB aircraft baseline

was designed. The aerodynamic behaviour and performance of this model were

then analyzed with the aid of the improved CEASIOM platform, with an special

emphasis on its control and stability features. This analysis enables to improve

the baseline design and the allocation and size of the control surfaces was studied

and optimized. The minimum winglet required for a target flight performance was

identified, due to its importance for reducing the drag and the radar detectability

of the aircraft.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 210 p.
TRITA-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2014:32
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-159879OAI: diva2:787508
Available from: 2015-02-12 Created: 2015-02-10 Last updated: 2015-02-12Bibliographically approved

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