Evaluation of undrained shear strength of Swedish fine-grainedsulphide soils
2015 (English)In: Engineering Geology, ISSN 0013-7952, E-ISSN 1872-6917, Vol. 188, 77-87 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In Swedish practice, there is a long tradition of evaluating undrained shear strength from fall-cone tests and field vane tests. During the last 20 years cone penetration tests have also become widely used. However, the results from all these test methods have to be evaluated using empirical factors. The factors generally used for Swedish clays are related to liquid limit and overconsolidation, but they are not applicable to all types of fine-grained soils and can often be improved by local calibration for the particular type of soil in the area of current interest. For this calibration, the results of direct simple shear tests and/or triaxial tests in the laboratory are normally used. This paper presents an evaluation for Swedish fine-grained sulphide soils, for which a general correction factor of 0.65 for field vane tests and fall-cone tests, a cone factor Nkt of 20.2 for cone penetration tests and a relation cu,DSS/(σ′cOCR−0.2) of 0.28 have been found. No correlations were found between these empirical factors and the clay content, liquid limit or organic content, but a relationship was found between the overconsolidation ratio and both the cone penetration test and the field vane test. The sulphide soils in question are found in northern Sweden along the coast of the Gulf of Bothnia. They aremostly classified as organic silt or organic clay,which is normally silty.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 188, 77-87 p.
Calibration, Laboratories, Liquids, Soils, Sulfur compounds, Testing Cone penetration tests, Correction factors, Direct simple shears, Empirical factors, Field, Organic soil, Over consolidation ratio, Undrained shear strength
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-160131DOI: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2015.01.007ISI: 000351791500007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84922419783OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-160131DiVA: diva2:788793
QC 201503132015-02-162015-02-162015-04-29Bibliographically approved