Bidirectional pedestrian fundamental diagram
2015 (English)In: Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, ISSN 0191-2615, Vol. 71, 194-212 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article presents a new model of stationary bidirectional pedestrian flow. Starting out from microscopic first principles, a bidirectional fundamental diagram (FD) is derived that defines direction-specific flow rates as functions of direction-specific densities. The FD yields non-negative and bounded flows and guarantees that the instantaneous density changes that would result from these flows stay bounded between zero and jam density. In its minimal configuration, it uses just as many parameters as a unidirectional triangular FD: maximum walking speed, jam density, a collision avoidance parameter (from which the backward wave speed can be derived). A one-on-one mapping between the parameters guiding uni- and bidirectional pedestrian flows is proposed and both conceptually and empirically justified. Generalizations of the FD that maintain its desirable properties turn out to be straightforward by making its parameters density-dependent. The FD performs very well in comparisons against simulated and real data.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 71, 194-212 p.
Bidirectional pedestrian flow, Fundamental diagram from first principles, Cellular automaton, Empirical validation
Other Civil Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-160765DOI: 10.1016/j.trb.2014.11.001ISI: 000348626000012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84911944449OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-160765DiVA: diva2:791645
FunderEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 609042
QC 201503022015-03-022015-02-272015-03-02Bibliographically approved