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Innovation and Productivity: A Microdata Analysis
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2420-5660
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral thesis consists of four papers. The first two papers deal with firms’ innovation strategies, knowledge spillover and their impact on growth and productivity. The last two papers are focused on spinoffs and their survival.

The first paper finds a strong indication of variation in the capacity of firms to benefit from external knowledge among persistent innovators, temporary innovators and non-innovators. It considers the distinct and complementary effect of internal innovation efforts and spillovers from the local milieu.

The second paper shows that persistently innovative exporters benefit considerably more than other exporters from access to a rich spectrum of neighbouring knowledge. The level of productivity among non-innovative exporters and exporters that are only temporarily engaged in innovation is positively influenced by externalities in the most knowledge-intense local milieus.

The third paper reveals that there is a substantial difference in ex-post entry performance between genuinely new ventures and spinoffs in the manufacturing and service sectors based on their location. The proposed superiority of start-ups by ex-employees depends on the performance measures and the sector. Moreover, knowledge and the technology intensity of the industry matter for the viability of the new firms.

The fourth paper focuses on exports, innovation, tenure and management and investigates how the incumbent firm characteristics affect the viability of its spinoffs. While experience from an exporting parent has a significant and positive effect on market success, no spillover effect from innovative firms can be found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. , 11 p.
Series
TRITA-IEO, ISSN 1100-7982 ; 2015:01
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-160872ISBN: 978-91-7595-456-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-160872DiVA: diva2:791650
Public defence
2015-03-27, F3, Lindstedsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 09:22 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

qc 20150302

Available from: 2015-03-02 Created: 2015-03-02 Last updated: 2016-06-13Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Innovation, Spillovers and Productivity Growth: A Dynamic Panel Data Approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation, Spillovers and Productivity Growth: A Dynamic Panel Data Approach
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper examines variation in productivity growth within a given lo-cation and between dierent locations. Implementing a dynamic paneldata approach on Swedish micro data, we test the separate and comple-mentary eect of internal innovation eorts and spillovers from the localmilieu. Measuring the potential knowledge spillover by access to knowl-edge intensive services, the estimation results produce strong evidence ofdierences in the capacity to benet from external knowledge among per-sistent innovators, temporary innovators and non-innovators. The resultsare consistent regardless of whether innovation eorts are measured interms of the frequency of patent applications or R&D investments.

National Category
Social Sciences Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-160874 (URN)
Note

QS 2015

Available from: 2015-03-02 Created: 2015-03-02 Last updated: 2015-03-02Bibliographically approved
2. The Joint Impact of Innovation and Knowledge Spillovers on Productivity and Growth for Exporting Firms
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Joint Impact of Innovation and Knowledge Spillovers on Productivity and Growth for Exporting Firms
2014 (English)In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 38, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper provides new insights regarding the role of innovation and localisation on the levels and growth of total factor productivity among exporting firms. For that purpose, we establish a dynamic model using data collected from nearly 10,000 Swedish exporting firms over a 12-year period. Different innovation proxies are used, and we distinguish between persistent and non-persistent innovators, while knowledge from outside the firm is measured by a newly developed methodology with detailed spatial resolution. The econometric evidence shows two distinct results. First, persistent innovators benefit significantly more than other exporters from access to a rich spectrum of nearby knowledge. Second, the level of productivity among non-innovative exporters and exporters that are only temporary engaged in innovation is positively affected by externalities in the most knowledge-intense local milieus.

National Category
Social Sciences Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152802 (URN)10.1111/twec.12214 (DOI)000353906000008 ()2-s2.0-84927796961 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20150521

Available from: 2014-10-01 Created: 2014-10-01 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
3. Survival, productivity and growth of new ventures across locations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Survival, productivity and growth of new ventures across locations
2014 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 43, no 2, 477-491 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We assess the impact of the location of genuinely new ventures and spinoffs on these firms' survival, productivity and growth. The study distinguishes between four different categories of locations: metro cities, metro regions, urban areas, and rural areas. Using a unique database covering more than 23,000 new entrants between 2000 and 2004 in Sweden and observing them for 5 years, several conclusions may be drawn from our study. First, there is a substantial difference in ex-post entry performance between the manufacturing and service sectors. Second, the proposed superiority of start-ups by ex-employees depends on the performance measures and the sector. Third, knowledge and technology intensity of the industry matter for the viability of the new firms.

Keyword
Location, New ventures, Survival, Productivity, Growth
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-149198 (URN)10.1007/s11187-014-9553-9 (DOI)000339333000014 ()2-s2.0-84904174797 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20140818

Available from: 2014-08-18 Created: 2014-08-18 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
4. Inherited Advantage and Spinoff Success
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inherited Advantage and Spinoff Success
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

  This paper focuses on exports, innovation, tenure and management and investigates how the incumbent firm characteristics affect the viability of its spinoff. Using comprehensive Swedish employer-employee panel data sets, three possible outcomes are identified for spinoffs: survival, acquisition and complete exit from the market. While experience from exporting parent has a significant and positive effect on spinoff survival, no spillover effect from an innovative firms can be found. However, taking the managerial experience in the incumbent firm into account, there is some weak evidence of a positive link between the innovative parent and the survival of the spinoff.

National Category
Social Sciences Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-160875 (URN)
Note

QC 20160613

Available from: 2015-03-02 Created: 2015-03-02 Last updated: 2016-06-13Bibliographically approved

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