Electromagnetic stabilization of tokamak microturbulence in a high-beta regime
2015 (English)In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 57, no 1, 014032- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The impact of electromagnetic stabilization and flow shear stabilization on ITG turbulence is investigated. Analysis of a low-beta JET L-mode discharge illustrates the relation between ITG stabilization and proximity to the electromagnetic instability threshold. This threshold is reduced by suprathermal pressure gradients, highlighting the effectiveness of fast ions in ITG stabilization. Extensive linear and nonlinear gyrokinetic simulations are then carried out for the high-beta JET hybrid discharge 75225, at two separate locations at inner and outer radii. It is found that at the inner radius, nonlinear electromagnetic stabilization is dominant and is critical for achieving simulated heat fluxes in agreement with the experiment. The enhancement of this effect by suprathermal pressure also remains significant. It is also found that flow shear stabilization is not effective at the inner radii. However, at outer radii the situation is reversed. Electromagnetic stabilization is negligible while the flow shear stabilization is significant. These results constitute the high-beta generalization of comparable observations found at low-beta at JET. This is encouraging for the extrapolation of electromagnetic ITG stabilization to future devices. An estimation of the impact of this effect on the ITER hybrid scenario leads to a 20% fusion power improvement.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 57, no 1, 014032- p.
tokamak, gyrokinetic, simulation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-160759DOI: 10.1088/0741-3335/57/1/014032ISI: 000348194900033ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84913580739OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-160759DiVA: diva2:791662
QC 201503022015-03-022015-02-272015-03-02Bibliographically approved