Fluctuation effects in rotating Bose-Einstein condensates with broken SU(2) and U(1) x U(1) symmetries in the presence of intercomponent density-density interactions
2015 (English)In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 91, no 1, 013605- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Thermal fluctuations and melting transitions for rotating single-component superfluids have been intensively studied and are well understood. In contrast, the thermal effects on vortex states for two-component superfluids with density-density interaction, which have a much richer variety of vortex ground states, have been much less studied. Here, we investigate the thermal effects on vortex matter in superfluids with U(1) x U(1) broken symmetries and intercomponent density-density interactions, as well as the case with a larger SU(2) broken symmetry obtainable from the [U(1) x U(1)]-symmetric case by tuning scattering lengths. In the former case we find that, in addition to first-order melting transitions, the system exhibits thermally driven phase transitions between square and hexagonal lattices. Our main result, however, concerns the case where the condensate exhibits SU(2) symmetry, and where vortices are not topological. At finite temperature, the system exhibits effects which do not have a counterpart in single-component systems. Namely, it has a state where thermally averaged quantities show no regular vortex lattice, yet the system retains superfluid coherence along the axis of rotation. In such a state, the thermal fluctuations result in transitions between different (nearly) degenerate vortex states without undergoing a melting transition. Our results apply to multicomponent Bose-Einstein condensates, and we suggest how to detect some of these unusual effects experimentally in such systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 91, no 1, 013605- p.
Bose-Einstein condensation, Crystal lattices, Ground state, Melting, Statistical mechanics, Bose-Einstein condensates, Finite temperatures, First-order melting, Melting transitions, Multicomponent Bose-Einstein condensates, Scattering length, Single-component systems, Thermal fluctuations
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-160752DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.91.013605ISI: 000348701700004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84920736196OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-160752DiVA: diva2:791694
FunderKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Research Council, 642-2013-7837 325-2009-7664
QC 201503022015-03-022015-02-272015-03-02Bibliographically approved