Residues remote from the binding pocket control the antagonist selectivity towards the corticotropin-releasing factor receptor-1
2015 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 5, 8066- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The corticotropin releasing factors receptor-1 and receptor-2 (CRF1R and CRF2R) are therapeutic targets for treating neurological diseases. Antagonists targeting CRF1R have been developed for the potential treatment of anxiety disorders and alcohol addiction. It has been found that antagonists targeting CRF1R always show high selectivity, although CRF1R and CRF2R share a very high rate of sequence identity. This has inspired us to study the origin of the selectivity of the antagonists. We have therefore built a homology model for CRF2R and carried out unbiased molecular dynamics and well-tempered metadynamics simulations for systems with the antagonist CP-376395 in CRF1R or CRF2R to address this issue. We found that the side chain of Tyr(6.63) forms a hydrogen bond with the residue remote from the binding pocket, which allows Tyr(6.63) to adopt different conformations in the two receptors and results in the presence or absence of a bottleneck controlling the antagonist binding to or dissociation from the receptors. The rotameric switch of the side chain of Tyr356(6.63) allows the breaking down of the bottleneck and is a perquisite for the dissociation of CP-376395 from CRF1R.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 5, 8066- p.
Protein-Coupled Receptors, Beta(2)-Adrenergic Receptor, Molecular-Dynamics, Conformations, Pharmacology, Sensitivity, Activation, Kinetics, Pathway
Biological Sciences Chemical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-160743DOI: 10.1038/srep08066ISI: 000348435800001PubMedID: 25628267OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-160743DiVA: diva2:791887
FunderSwedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC), SNIC2013-26-31 SNIC2013-1-236
QC 201503022015-03-022015-02-272015-05-20Bibliographically approved