Precipitate characteristics and their effects on the high-temperature creep resistance of alumina-forming austenitic stainless steels
2015 (English)In: Materials Science & Engineering: A, ISSN 0921-5093, Vol. 622, 91-100 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper, the dynamic evolution of precipitates and its influence on the high-temperature mechanical properties of newly developed AFA steels were systematically investigated. At 1023 K or above, three main types of precipitates, i.e., the B2-NiAl, Laves-Fe2Nb, and delta/sigma phases, were formed in the base steel, and the major strengthening medium is Laves-Fe2Nb, which coarsened quickly, leading to undesirable creep properties. Phase competition between the most effective strengthening NbC nanosized precipitates and the Laves-Fe2Nb phase was analyzed, and it was found that adjusting the Nb/C ratio in the steels could enable the precipitation of highly stable, fine NbC particles. In addition, the formation of detrimental sigma phases could be suppressed by lowering the Mo and Si content in the alloy. Eventually, a new type of AFA steel consisting of a high density of nanosized NbC particles homogeneously dispersed in the austenitic matrix was successfully developed, and significant enhancement in the creep resistance was achieved due to the effective strengthening resulting from the tiny secondary NbC particles.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 622, 91-100 p.
Austenitic stainless steel, Creep, Precipitates, NbC, Sigma phase
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-160746DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2014.11.013ISI: 000348957400013ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84911876332OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-160746DiVA: diva2:791922
QC 201503022015-03-022015-02-272015-03-02Bibliographically approved