Chromatographic Fingerprinting - a Tool for Classification and for Predicting the Degradation State of Degradable Polyethylene
2005 (English)In: Polymer degradation and stability, ISSN 0141-3910, E-ISSN 1873-2321, Vol. 89, no 1, 50-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The number of degradable polyethylene films on the market is increasing. These degradable films show different degradation behaviour depending on the pro-oxidant system incorporated in them. The degradation of the films gives rise to complex collections of degradation products. The key question in this work was to classify the types of pro-oxidant systems in degradable polyethylene films and the state of degradation of the films. The classification was performed with chromatographic fingerprints of carboxylic acids, the most abundant type of degradation product. The acids were extracted from films oxidised at 80 &DEG; C and were thereafter methylated and analysed by GC-MS. Classification and prediction models were obtained by Multivariate Data Analysis. The diacids were grouped according to both the type of pro-oxidant system and the state of degradation. This showed that both the type of pro-oxidant system and the state of degradation are predictable from the diacid fingerprints. The monoacids were shown to be useful for classifying materials from their initial compositions of stearates but not for predicting the degradation state. The goal was also to see how changes in activation energies for hydroperoxides, noticed earlier with chemiluminescence, were reflected in the degradation mechanisms. The observed increase in chemiluminescence peak temperature of the polyoctylene-containing film was related to the initial degradation of the polyoctylene.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 89, no 1, 50-63 p.
classification, prediction, chromatographic fingerprinting, degradation mechanisms, pro-oxidant systems, chemiluminescence
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5137DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2005.01.002ISI: 000229569500008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-17044390382OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5137DiVA: diva2:7932
QC 201009032005-05-252005-05-252010-09-03Bibliographically approved