Quantifying hydrological and tidal influences on groundwater discharges into coastal waters
2005 (English)In: Water resources research, ISSN 0043-1397, E-ISSN 1944-7973, Vol. 41, no 12, W12427- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
 In coastal aquifers the dynamic mixing zone between intruding seawater and fresh groundwater constitutes a zone of salinity transition that may supply brackish groundwater along with chemical tracers and nutrients to coastal waters. Tidal influence has been proposed as a possible mechanism for enhancement of recirculated seawater, total submarine groundwater discharge (SGD), and associated tracer loading through salinity transition zones into coastal waters. We show that tidal oscillation may, for relatively low SGD cases, considerably increase the average recirculated seawater component of total SGD relative to nontidal conditions. High SGD cases, however, are dominated by and require large fresh groundwater flow components also under tidal conditions; this result is obtained from a wide range of different groundwater simulation scenarios and is supported by direct comparison with field data from different reported high-SGD sites in the world. For cases with hydrologically limited fresh groundwater flow directly into the sea we propose that observed excessive coastal loading of groundwater-derived tracers may be the result of large groundwater flow and transport into unmonitored coastal stream reaches, in addition to SGD.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 41, no 12, W12427- p.
sea-water, seepage, transport, aquifers, system, model, flux
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5144DOI: 10.1029/2004WR003920ISI: 000234370500001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-31544439143OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5144DiVA: diva2:7942
Uppdaterad från "In press" till published: 20101012.
QC 201010122005-05-252005-05-252010-10-12Bibliographically approved