Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Determinants of net migration to rural areas, and the impacts of migration on rural labor markets and self-employment in rural Sweden
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2080-6859
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
2015 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 23, no 4, 693-709 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Across most of Europe, the countryside seems to show a polarized development in which large districts are depopulating, while certain areas, mainly around big- and mid-sized cities, are increasing in population. The latter development is often described in concepts of “rural gentrification” and “rurbanization”, symbolizing a transformation of rural communities to communities with urban values and lifestyles. Most studies of the effects of these processes have focused on social and cultural consequences, as e.g. the displacements of lower-income households with higher-income residents and of rural culture and values with urban ones. This paper examines the phenomenon from another perspective, namely the effects of the “rurbanization” processes on countryside’s labour markets and economic life. This paper aims at analysing the determinants of net migration to rural areas in general and to different types of regions, and the impacts of inmigration on rural labour markets, self-employment and other socio-economic conditions in Sweden for the period of 2003–2005. We find that net migration into rural areas increases with the size of adjacent local and regional centres, whereas net migration decreases with the average commuting distance of workers in the rural areas. When comparing in-migrants to rural areas with rural area stayers, our results indicate that the former has lower incomes, a lower employment ratio and a lower degree of entrepreneurial activities. These differences could—at least partly—be explained by the fact that rural area stayers were on average 6 years older than rural area inmigrants, i.e. the two groups were in different stages of their life cycles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015. Vol. 23, no 4, 693-709 p.
Keyword [en]
commuting, labor market, labor migration, rural area, rural economy, self employment, socioeconomic conditions, urbanization
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161245DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2014.945814ISI: 000349090500004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84923190641OAI: diva2:794290
Swedish Research Council Formas

QC 20150316

Available from: 2015-03-11 Created: 2015-03-11 Last updated: 2015-03-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Westlund, HansJohansson, Mats
By organisation
Urban and Regional Studies
In the same journal
European Planning Studies
Social and Economic Geography

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 122 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link