Transition path towards hybrid systems in China: Obtaining net-zero exergy district using a multi-objective optimization method
2014 (English)In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 85, 524-535 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A hybrid energy system including both off-site and distributed energy sources, energy conversion technologies and operation methods, is a necessary step on a transition path towards a sustainable energy system. The challenge is to identify such a combination of design options that result in minimum life cycle cost (LCC) and maximum exergy efficiency (EE) at each phase of the transition path. In this paper, a time-effective multi-objective optimization method based on genetic algorithm (GA), is proposed for the transition path problem. The proposed model makes use of a fitness function approach to reduce the model into one objective function and to reduce the computational time. In a case study, the model is applied to a potential net-zero exergy district (NZEXD) in Hangzhou, China. Here, three possible hybrid energy scenarios and three preference treatment strategies are analyzed. The study suggests that the proposed approach is workable for the identification of the most feasible options to be gradually integrated in an NZEXD in a multi-stage process. In the Hangzhou case, with the reduction of investments in distributed energy components and escalating market prices of fossil fuels, distributed energy system (DES) may have more feasibility in the near future.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 85, 524-535 p.
Exergy efficiency, Genetic algorithm, Hybrid energy system, Life cycle cost, Net-zero exergy district, Transition path
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161040DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.09.074ISI: 000348880900052ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84908360984OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-161040DiVA: diva2:794615
QC 201503112015-03-122015-03-062015-12-11Bibliographically approved