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Workplace health promotion and working conditions as determinants of employee health
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Workplace Health Management, ISSN 1753-8351, E-ISSN 1753-836X, Vol. 7, no 2, 89-104 p., 17112741Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate general psychosocial work conditions and specific workplace health promotion (WHP) measures in relation to employee health and sickness absence in Swedish municipal social care organizations. Design/methodology/approach - In a random sample of 60 out of the 290 municipalities in Sweden, 15,871 municipal social care employees working with elderly and disabled clients were sent a questionnaire concerning psychosocial work environment, WHP, and self-rated health. The responses (response rate 58.4 per cent) were complemented by register data on sickness absence (>14 days). All data were aggregated to employer level. Findings - A structural equation modelling analysis using employer-level data demonstrated that employers with more favourable employee ratings of the psychosocial work conditions, as well as of specific health-promoting measures, had better self-rated health and lower sickness absence level among employees. Practical implications - The results from this representative nationwide sample of employers within one sector indicate that employers can promote employee health both by offering various health-specific programmes and activities, such as work environment education, fitness activities, and lifestyle guidance, as well as by forming a high-quality work environment in general including developmental and supportive leadership styles, prevention of role conflicts, and a supportive and comfortable social climate. Originality/value - This study with a representative nationwide sample demonstrates: results in line with earlier studies and explanations to the challenges in comparing effects from specific and general WHP interventions on health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 7, no 2, 89-104 p., 17112741
Keyword [en]
Leadership, Organization, Psychosocial work environment, Self-rated health, Sick leave, Worksite health promotion
National Category
Work Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161670DOI: 10.1108/IJWHM-02-2013-0003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84903141271OAI: diva2:795015

QC 20150313

Available from: 2015-03-13 Created: 2015-03-13 Last updated: 2015-03-13Bibliographically approved

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