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In vivo characterization of the novel CD44v6-targeting Fab fragment AbD15179 for molecular imaging of squamous cell carcinoma: A dual-isotope study
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Protein Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6104-6446
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2014 (English)In: EJNMMI Research, ISSN 2191-219X, Vol. 4, no 1, 1-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Patients with squamous cell carcinoma in the head and neck region (HNSCC) offer a diagnostic challenge due to difficulties to detect small tumours and metastases. Imaging methods available are not sufficient, and radio-immunodiagnostics could increase specificity and sensitivity of diagnostics. The objective of this study was to evaluate, for the first time, the in vivo properties of the radiolabelled CD44v6-targeting fragment AbD15179 and to assess its utility as a targeting agent for radio-immunodiagnostics of CD44v6-expressing tumours. Methods: The fully human CD44v6-targeting Fab fragment AbD15179 was labelled with 111In or 125I, as models for radionuclides suitable for imaging with SPECT or PET. Species specificity, antigen specificity and internalization properties were first assessed in vitro. In vivo specificity and biodistribution were then evaluated in tumour-bearing mice using a dual-tumour and dual-isotope setup. Results: Both species-specific and antigen-specific binding of the conjugates were demonstrated in vitro, with no detectable internalization. The in vivo studies demonstrated specific tumour binding and favourable tumour targeting properties for both conjugates, albeit with higher tumour uptake, slower tumour dissociation, higher tumour-to-blood ratio and higher CD44v6 sensitivity for the 111In-labelled fragment. In contrast, the 125I-Fab demonstrated more favourable tumour-to-organ ratios for liver, spleen and kidneys. Conclusions: We conclude that AbD15179 efficiently targets CD44v6-expressing squamous cell carcinoma xenografts, and particularly, the 111In-Fab displayed high and specific tumour uptake. CD44v6 emerges as a suitable target for radio-immunodiagnostics, and a fully human antibody fragment such as AbD15179 can enable further clinical imaging studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 4, no 1, 1-13 p.
Keyword [en]
Antibody fragment, CD44v6, Fab, Molecular imaging, Radio-immunodiagnostics
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161671DOI: 10.1186/2191-219X-4-11ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84899439619OAI: diva2:795405

QC 20150316

Available from: 2015-03-16 Created: 2015-03-13 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved

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