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Automatic characterization of the physiological condition of the carotid artery in 2D ultrasound image sequences using spatiotemporal and spatiospectral 2D maps
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Systems Safety and Management.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1831-9285
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Biomedical Imaging, ISSN 1687-4188, E-ISSN 1687-4196, Vol. 2014, 876267Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A novel method for characterizing and visualizing the progression of waves along the walls of the carotid artery is presented. The new approach is noninvasive and able to simultaneously capture the spatial and the temporal propagation of wavy patterns along the walls of the carotid artery in a completely automated manner. Spatiotemporal and spatiospectral 2D maps describing these patterns (in both the spatial and the frequency domains, resp.) were generated and analyzed by visual inspection as well as automatic feature extraction and classification. Three categories of cases were considered: pathological elderly, healthy elderly, and healthy young cases. Automatic differentiation, between cases of these three categories, was achieved with a sensitivity of 97.1% and a specificity of 74.5%. Two features were proposed and computed to measure the homogeneity of the spatiospectral 2D map which presents the spectral characteristics of the carotid artery wall's wavy motion pattern which are related to the physical, mechanical (e.g., elasticity), and physiological properties and conditions along the artery. These results are promising and confirm the potential of the proposed method in providing useful information which can help in revealing the physiological condition of the cardiovascular system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 2014, 876267
Keyword [en]
Cardiovascular system, Automatic differentiations, Automatic feature extraction, Frequency domains, Physiological condition, Physiological properties, Spectral characteristics, Temporal propagation, Visual inspection
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161801DOI: 10.1155/2014/876267ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84902142221OAI: diva2:795726

QC 20150317

Available from: 2015-03-17 Created: 2015-03-17 Last updated: 2015-03-17Bibliographically approved

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Hamid Muhammed, Hamed
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Systems Safety and Management
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