Large eddy simulations of acoustic-flow interaction at an orifice plate
2015 (English)In: Journal of Sound and Vibration, ISSN 0022-460X, E-ISSN 1095-8568, Vol. 345, 162-177 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The scattering of plane waves by an orifice plate with a strong bias flow, placed in a circular or square duct, is studied through large eddy simulations and dynamic mode decomposition. The acoustic-flow interaction is illustrated, showing that incoming sound waves at a Strouhal number of 0.43 trigger a strong axisymmetric flow structure in the orifice in the square duct, and interact with a self-sustained axisymmetric oscillation in the circular duct orifice. These structures then generate a strong sound, increasing the acoustic energy at the frequency of the incoming wave. The structure triggered in the square duct is weaker than that present in the circular duct, but stronger than structures triggered by waves at other frequencies. Comparing the scattering matrix with measurements, there is a good agreement. However, the results are found to be sensitive to the inflow, where the self-sustained oscillation in the circular duct simulation is an artefact of an axisymmetric, undisturbed inflow. This illustrates a problem with using an undisturbed inflow for studying vortex-sound effects, and can be of interest when considering musical instruments, where the aim is to get maximum amplification of specific tones. Further, it illustrates that at the frequency where an amplification of acoustic energy is found for the orifice plate, the flow has a natural instability, which is suppressed by non-axisymmetry and incoming disturbances.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 345, 162-177 p.
aero-acoustics, dynamic mode decomposition, orifice-plate, large eddy simulations
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161901DOI: 10.1016/j.jsv.2015.02.012ISI: 000350998800011ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84924497139OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-161901DiVA: diva2:796209
QC 201503302015-03-182015-03-182015-04-14Bibliographically approved