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Enhanced liquid-gas mixing due to pulsating injection
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics.
2015 (English)In: Computers & Fluids, ISSN 0045-7930, E-ISSN 1879-0747, Vol. 107, 196-204 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper considers the effects of intermittent injection of a liquid jet or spray on the initial break-up and mixing of one fluid with the surrounding ambient fluid. The aim of the analysis is to describe the physical process and indicate the mechanisms that control the mixing under different flow conditions (time-dependent injection and its frequency relative to the time scales of the flow) and fluid properties (density ratio), Schmidt number for a single phase case which is studied for comparison, or the Weber number for the two-phase cases. The computations use Large Eddy Simulation (LES) to account for turbulence, and either Volume Of Fluid (VOF) for the initial break-up or Lagrangian Particle Tracking (LPT) with droplet break-up model in the case of liquid droplets injected into the ambient gas. The results show that, depending on the physical properties of the liquid and ambient gas, the initial break-up and turbulent mixing can be enhanced substantially with intermittent injection. The numerical modeling is validated by recovering key results of experimental and analytical works. It can be observed that a main effect during the mixing is the suction of ambient fluid at the tail of the injected liquid, which depends on the fluid properties. Increased injection frequency shows to increase the mixing significantly during the initial transient phase.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 107, 196-204 p.
Keyword [en]
Pulsed injection, Air entrainment, Mixing, Jets, Sprays
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161127DOI: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2014.11.009ISI: 000348746400015ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84913553775OAI: diva2:796927
Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Energy Agency

QC 20150320

Available from: 2015-03-20 Created: 2015-03-09 Last updated: 2015-03-20Bibliographically approved

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