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Innovativeness in product development-Studies on industrial project work
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.).
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

For many organizations, efficiency in product development is a question of accel¬erating project operations and being innovative in products and technical solutions, and this has interesting consequences for project work. This thesis aims to study technical development work in project groups in order to identify factors that support innovativeness.

In this thesis, innovativeness is defined as the ability of project groups to arrive at new ideas and solutions for technical problems, and their implementation. It is hoped that the studies in this thesis will contribute new knowledge in the product development research area, using complementary theories.

This thesis is based on four case studies of product development projects, representing different types of industry. The cases involve the development of new, complex industrial products and are reported in four appended papers. The research reported in this thesis has primarily, but not exclusively, adopted a qualitative approach.

The studies have shown that innovativeness is favored by project work characterized by lower levels of control, the continuous acquisition of knowledge and a sense of responsibility and interest in tasks, as well as a continuous formulation and definition of tasks and problems. In addition, project work characterized by commitment and interaction have also been found to be important for innovativeness.

Three factors supporting innovativeness are presented. Interactive product utilization in work is an alternative to detailed planning in solving coordination needs and maintaining a system view within a project. Interactive control mechanisms are important because product specifications often need to be defined as the project progresses. An interactive social environment supports technical problem solving by providing opportunities for spontaneous interaction between project members.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2005. , 52 p.
Series
Trita-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2005:12
Keyword [en]
Business studies, Innovativeness, creativity, project work, product development
Keyword [sv]
Företagsekonomi
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-229OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-229DiVA: diva2:7974
Public defence
2005-06-03, Salongen, Biblioteket, Osquars backe 31, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101001Available from: 2005-05-30 Created: 2005-05-30 Last updated: 2010-10-01Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Innovation through explorative thinking in product development projects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation through explorative thinking in product development projects
2003 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5165 (URN)
Conference
Proceedings: 14th International Conference on Engineering Design, 2003
Note
QC 20100110Available from: 2005-05-30 Created: 2005-05-30 Last updated: 2010-10-01Bibliographically approved
2. Organizing for innovation in a product development project - combining innovative and result oriented ways of working: a case study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organizing for innovation in a product development project - combining innovative and result oriented ways of working: a case study
2009 (English)In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 27, no 8, 745-753 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This case study investigates how leadership and management support creativity and innovation in the operative work of a product development project team. The aim of the study was to investigate factors that support the generation of new and innovative ideas as well as the efficient evaluation and implementation of ideas into a product. The aim was also to enhance the understanding of innovation when a project is characterized by pressure in terms of tight schedules, the need for progress, and a shortage of competencies. The investigated project provides an example of how innovation in a PD project benefits from pressure. The result shows how the following support a project team's performance and enhance innovation: a clear vision - accompanied by freedom in the realization of that vision, transparency in the product architecture, enhanced communication and problem ownership. The results show also the interplay between leadership skills, individual characteristics (such as competence, attitude and motivation) and project characteristics (such as sense of urgency and a unique product).

Keyword
Innovation, Creativity, Project management, Product development
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5166 (URN)10.1016/j.ijproman.2009.02.007 (DOI)000271192600001 ()2-s2.0-70349449613 (Scopus ID)
Note
Uppdaterad från submitted till published: 20101001. QC 20101001Available from: 2005-05-30 Created: 2005-05-30 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
3. Opportunities for creativity in project work – importance of goals and problem solving
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Opportunities for creativity in project work – importance of goals and problem solving
2004 (English)In: Engineering Management Conference, 2004. Proceedings. 2004 IEEE International, 2004, 978-983 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The paper shows how the organizing of a PDproject was perceived by the project members and whateffects it had on creativity. The project had chosen atraditional way of efficient organizing, based on processes andmethods with carefully prepared plans, specifications andhigh levels of control. Surprising technical difficultiesoccurred within the project which pointed at the importanceof creativity also io later phases of PD development. Theresults reveal that the opportunities for creativity wereimpaired within the project due to lack of clarity in goals andlimitations in problem solying.

Keyword
oject work, creativity, problem solving
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5167 (URN)10.1109/IEMC.2004.1408837 (DOI)2-s2.0-17644412046 (Scopus ID)0-7803-8519-5 (ISBN)
Conference
IEMC – 2004
Note
QC 20101001Available from: 2005-05-30 Created: 2005-05-30 Last updated: 2010-10-01Bibliographically approved
4. Organizing for progress and creativity in a new product development project
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organizing for progress and creativity in a new product development project
2005 (English)In: 12th International Product Development Management Conference, June 2005., 2005Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5168 (URN)
Note
QC 20101001Available from: 2005-05-30 Created: 2005-05-30 Last updated: 2010-10-01Bibliographically approved

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