Thermodynamics of phase transformations in steels
2012 (English)In: Phase Transformations in Steels, Elsevier, 2012, Vol. 1, 56-93 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
The basics of thermodynamics are reviewed with special attention to phase transformations. The distinction between internal and external variables is emphasized and the general equilibrium conditions are derived from the combined first and second law. The concepts of entropy production and driving force as well as stability are discussed. The calculation of thermodynamic properties and phase equilibria is considered and the Calphad method is briefly reviewed, including modeling of substitutional and interstitial disorder. The thermodynamic bases of phase diagrams are examined, and finally, the effect of interfaces, fluctuations and thermodynamics of nucleation are reviewed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 1, 56-93 p.
Driving force, Entropy production, Fluctuations, Gibbs energy, Interfacial energy, Internal and external variables, Le Chatelier's Principle, Nucleation, Phase diagrams
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-162998DOI: 10.1533/9780857096104.1.56ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84902630047ISBN: 978-184569970-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-162998DiVA: diva2:798772
QC 201503272015-03-272015-03-262015-03-27Bibliographically approved