Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Peak Car in Sweden?
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport planning, economics and engineering.
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

It has long been well-known that economic variables such as GDP and fuel price as well as socio-demographic characteristics and spatial distribution are key factors in explaining car use trends. However, due to the recently observed plateau of total car travel in many high income countries, it has been argued that other factors, such as changes in preferences, attitudes and life-styles, have become more important drivers of car use. 

 

This thesis shows that the two variables GDP per capita and fuel price explain most of the aggregate trends in car distances driven per adult in Sweden: as much as 80% over the years 2002 to 2012. The estimated elasticities are well in line with previous literature and can reasonably well reproduce the trend in car distances driven per adult back to 1980. We find, however, a substantial variation in elasticities between municipalities depending on public transport supply, population density, share of foreign-born inhabitants and the average income level.

 

Swedish National Travel Survey data from 1978 to 2011 reveals that reductions in per adult driving mainly occurred among urban men. Urban men of all income groups reduced their driving for both commuting and non-commuting trips in conjunction with rising gasoline prices, which may have contributed to this development. We find that driving among those socio-demographic groups, who have better opportunities to reduce their driving, and driving for discretionary rather than commute purposes is being reduced over time. Sweden is ranked among the most gender-equal countries in the world; yet we find a substantial remaining gender gap in the share of adults driving a car on an average day, even when controlling for other socio-economic differences.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. , ix p.
Series
TRITA-TSC-LIC, ISSN 1653-445X ; 15-002
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Transport Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-163414ISBN: 978-91-87353-70-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-163414DiVA: diva2:800126
Presentation
2015-04-28, Nash/Wardrop, Teknikringen 10, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20150409

Available from: 2015-04-09 Created: 2015-04-01 Last updated: 2015-04-09Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Peak Car? Drivers of  the recent decline in Swedish car use
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peak Car? Drivers of  the recent decline in Swedish car use
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It has long been well-known that economic variables such as GDP and fuel price as well as socio-demographic characteristics and spatial distribution are key factors explaining car use trends. However, due to the recently observed plateau of total car travel in many high income countries, it has been argued that other factors, such as changes in preferences, attitudes and life-styles, have become more important drivers of car use.  This paper shows that the two variables GDP per capita and fuel price explain most of the aggregate trends in car distances driven per adult in Sweden: as much as 80% over the years 2002 to 2012. The estimated elasticities are well in line with previous literature and can reasonably well reproduce the trend in car distances driven per adult back to 1980. We find, however, a substantial variation in elasticities between municipalities depending on public transport supply, population density, share of foreign-born inhabitants and the average income level.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Transport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-163411 (URN)
Conference
International Transport Economics Association 2014,June 2-6 2014, Toulouse, France
Note

QC 20150402

Available from: 2015-04-01 Created: 2015-04-01 Last updated: 2015-05-25Bibliographically approved
2. Peak Car for urban Swedish men?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peak Car for urban Swedish men?
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of Symposium of the European Association for Research in Transportation (hEART),September 10, 2014 – September 12, 2014, Leeds, UK, 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We study long-term trends in regional car travel demand within and across socio-demographic groups in Sweden, using cross-sectional data from National Travel Surveys, spanning the period from 1978 to 2011. We find that the reduction in per-adult driving in Sweden mainly occurs among urban men. Urban men of all income groups reduced their driving for both commuting and non-commuting trips in conjunction with rising gasoline prices, which may have contributed to this development. We find that driving among those socio-demographic groups, who have better opportunities to reduce their driving, and driving for discretionary rather than commute purposes is being reduced over time. Sweden is ranked among the most gender-equal countries in the world; yet we find a substantial remaining gender gap in the share of adults driving a car on an average day, even when controlling for other socio-economic differences.

 

National Category
Economic Geography
Research subject
Transport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-163412 (URN)
Conference
Symposium of the European Association for Research in Transportation (hEART),September 10, 2014 – September 12, 2014, Leeds, UK
Note

QC 20150302

Available from: 2015-04-01 Created: 2015-04-01 Last updated: 2017-09-15Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Licentiate Thesis(228 kB)269 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 228 kBChecksum SHA-512
a8eb0801ed6866f0c72b93a05a24554bc1951b62a21e78bc8a7e33d9e810f8acfb89d6c3a818bea7cf6686c31578a9e23e841d4197e0c2226413095771f2d635
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bastian, Anne
By organisation
Transport planning, economics and engineering
Transport Systems and Logistics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 269 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 712 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf