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Fluid-Driven Deformation of a Soft Granular Material
KTH, Centres, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA.
2015 (English)In: Physical Review X, ISSN 2160-3308, Vol. 5, no 1, 011020Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Compressing a porous, fluid-filled material drives the interstitial fluid out of the pore space, as when squeezing water out of a kitchen sponge. Inversely, injecting fluid into a porous material can deform the solid structure, as when fracturing a shale for natural gas recovery. These poromechanical interactions play an important role in geological and biological systems across a wide range of scales, from the propagation of magma through Earth's mantle to the transport of fluid through living cells and tissues. The theory of poroelasticity has been largely successful in modeling poromechanical behavior in relatively simple systems, but this continuum theory is fundamentally limited by our understanding of the pore-scale interactions between the fluid and the solid, and these problems are notoriously difficult to study in a laboratory setting. Here, we present a high-resolution measurement of injection-driven poromechanical deformation in a system with granular microsctructure: We inject fluid into a dense, confined monolayer of soft particles and use particle tracking to reveal the dynamics of the multiscale deformation field. We find that a continuum model based on poroelasticity theory captures certain macroscopic features of the deformation, but the particle-scale deformation field exhibits dramatic departures from smooth, continuum behavior. We observe particle-scale rearrangement and hysteresis, as well as petal-like mesoscale structures that are connected to material failure through spiral shear banding.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 5, no 1, 011020
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-162949DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.5.011020ISI: 000350107400001OAI: diva2:800193
Swedish Research Council

QC 20150402

Available from: 2015-04-02 Created: 2015-03-26 Last updated: 2015-04-02Bibliographically approved

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Wettlaufer, John S.
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