Issues when linking computational fluid dynamics for urban modeling to toxic load models: The need for further research
2015 (English)In: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, Vol. 104, 112-124 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In order to predict casualties caused by chemical hazards in densely populated areas, state-of-the-art Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) techniques could be utilized together with toxic load models. In the current study, simulations of consequences of hypothetical releases of toxic gas in a city center are presented and discussed. CFD models that reproduce flow statistics would be most appropriate for this purpose since it could be expected that they will more realistically represent the environment. However, since concentration-peaks in the ever-present spatiotemporal fluctuations of airborne chemicals contribute so much to the toxic load, it is shown that straight-forward direct linking of a CFD model to a toxic load model is not a suitable approach for predicting consequences of a toxic release. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the use of different turbulence models leads to different casualty assessments. Obviously, there is an urgent need to establish widely accepted methods, ideally with known uncertainty measures. Thus, further research in this area is of great importance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 104, 112-124 p.
Chemical hazard, Casualty assessments, Urban area, CFD, Toxic load
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-162943DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.12.068ISI: 000350189000012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84920921251OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-162943DiVA: diva2:800205
QC 201504022015-04-022015-03-262015-04-02Bibliographically approved