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Comparative Study on Pyrido[3,4-b]pyrazine-Based Sensitizers by Tuning Bulky Donors for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6508-8355
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2015 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 7, no 4, 2760-2771 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with cobalt electrolytes have gained increasing attention. In this Research Article, two new pyrido[3,4-b]pyrazine-based sensitizers with different cores of bulky donors (indoline for DT-1 and triphenylamine for DT-2) were designed and synthesized for a comparative study of their photophysical and electrochemical properties and device performance and were also analyzed through density functional theory calculations. The results of density function theory calculations reveal the limited electronic communication between the biphenyl branch at the cis-position of N-phenylindoline and the indoline core, which could act as an insulating blocking group and inhibit the dye aggregation and charge recombination at the interface of TiO2/dye/electrolyte. As expected, DSSCs based on DT-1 with cobalt redox electrolyte gained a higher photoelectric conversion efficiency of 8.57% under standard AM 1.5 G simulated sunlight, with J(sc) = 16.08 mA cm(-2), V-oc = 802 mV, and FF = 0.66. Both electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and intensity-modulated photovoltage spectroscopy (IMVS) suggest that charge recombination in DSSCs based on DT-1 is much less than that in their counterparts of DT-2, owing to the bigger donor size and the insulating blocking branch in the donor of DT-1.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 7, no 4, 2760-2771 p.
Keyword [en]
sensitizers, pyrido[3, 4-b]pyrazine, indoline, triphenylamine, dye-sensitized solar cells
National Category
Nano Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-161960DOI: 10.1021/am507824hISI: 000349137300075PubMedID: 25580622ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84922431220OAI: diva2:800847

QC 20150408

Available from: 2015-04-08 Created: 2015-03-20 Last updated: 2015-04-08Bibliographically approved

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