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Engineering Designers' Requirements on Design for Environment Methods and Tools
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.).
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Given a special focus on Design for Environment (DfE) methods and tools, the objectives of this thesis are to, “Identify basic design-related requirements that a method or tool should fulfill in order to become actively used by engineering designers”, and to “Investigate how those basic requirements could be used to make DfE methods and tools more actively used in industry among engineering designers”.

The research has shown that designers in general have three main purposes for utilizing methods and tools, of which the last two could be seen as subsets of the first one. The purposes are to: (1) facilitate various kinds of communication within the product development process; (2) integrate knowledge and experience into the methods and tools as a know-how backup; and (3) contribute with structure in the product development process. The low degree of follow-up implies a risk that methods and tools are used that affect the work within the company in a negative way. In order to be able to better follow-up methods and tools regarding both their utilization and usefulness, there is a need for a better definition of requirements for methods and tools.

Most of all designers’ related requirements are related to their’ aims to fulfill the product performance and keep down the development time. This can be concluded as four major requirements, that a DfE method or tool, as well as a common method or tool, must exhibit: (1) be easy to adopt and implement, (2) facilitate designers to fulfill specified requirements on the presumptive product, and at the same time (3) reduce the risk that important elements in the product development phase are forgotten. Both these two latter requirements relate to a method or tool’s degree of appropriateness. The second and the third requirements are related to the fourth requirement, which is found to be the most important: that the use of the method or tool (4) must reduce the total calendar time (from start to end) to solve the task. The conclusion is that DfE methods and tools must be designed to comply to a higher degree with the main users - in this case the designers’ requirements for methods and tools

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2005. , xiv, 74 p.
Series
Trita-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2005:07
Keyword [en]
Environmental technology, Design for Environment, Methods and Tools, Requirements
Keyword [sv]
Miljöteknik
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236ISBN: 91-7178-110-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-236DiVA: diva2:8009
Public defence
2005-06-07, M3, Brinellvägen 64, Stockholm, 14:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101021Available from: 2005-05-31 Created: 2005-05-31 Last updated: 2010-10-21Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Selection and implementation: key activities to successful use of EcoDesign tools
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Selection and implementation: key activities to successful use of EcoDesign tools
2001 (English)In: Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, 2001. Proceedings EcoDesign 2001: Second International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, 2001, 174-179 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The paper presents a discussion on the need for support tools for integrating environmental aspects into product development. There are several objections towards applying such a tool, however, the fact that product developers ask for support by tools must be taken into consideration. The authors advocate that tools could be an effective way forward, with the condition that tools are selected in conformity with a specific organisation's need and that it is implemented in a conscious and reflective way. Procedures guiding selection and implementation are presented, based on a "plan-do-check-act" cycle. In order to support selection, tool criteria are needed, which is briefly discussed. A development of context-bounded criteria is suggested

National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5190 (URN)10.1109/.2001.992341 (DOI)0-7695-1266-6 (ISBN)
Conference
EcoDesign 2001, 11 dec 2001 - 15 dec 2001, Tokyo, Japan
Note
QC 20101021Available from: 2005-05-31 Created: 2005-05-31 Last updated: 2010-10-21Bibliographically approved
2. Environmental effect analysis: how does the method stand in relation to lessons learned from the use of other design for environment methods
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental effect analysis: how does the method stand in relation to lessons learned from the use of other design for environment methods
2001 (English)In: Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, 2001. Proceedings EcoDesign 2001: Second International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, 2001, 864-869 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The paper presents Environmental Effect Analysis (EEA), which is a qualitative method for DfE. This method has been developed in close co-operation with the industry. The method is designed to be used in the early phases of product development and also considers the economical and technical aspects. The paper starts with a literature review of general lessons learned from the use of DfE methods. Then it gives a presentation of the EEA method. Finally the paper discusses the development in comparison to other DfE methods and describes experiences from the use of the EEA method

National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5191 (URN)10.1109/.2001.992482 (DOI)0-7695-1266-6 (ISBN)
Conference
EcoDesign, 11 dec 2001 - 15 dec 2001, Tokyo, Japan
Note
QC 20101021Available from: 2005-05-31 Created: 2005-05-31 Last updated: 2010-10-21Bibliographically approved
3. Experience of and requirements on methods for product development: An interview survey at a major Swedish vehicle company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experience of and requirements on methods for product development: An interview survey at a major Swedish vehicle company
(English)Manuscript (Other academic)
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5192 (URN)
Note
QC 20101021Available from: 2005-05-31 Created: 2005-05-31 Last updated: 2010-10-21Bibliographically approved
4. Engineering designers’ experience of design for environment methods and tools: Requirement definitions from an interview study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Engineering designers’ experience of design for environment methods and tools: Requirement definitions from an interview study
2006 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 14, no 5, 487-496 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite an increasing number of Design for Environment (DfE) methods and tools, industrial utilization is still limited. Identifying Engineering Designers' requirements is a useful way to increase the utilization of DfE methods and tools. This paper is based on existing literature and a semi-structured interview study at an industrial equipment company. Different reasons why engineering designers utilize methods and tools are presented, as well what makes a method or tool actively utilized. Several engineering designer requirements for methods and tools are identified and described. Several identified requirements that a DfE method ought to fulfill are listed and described.

Keyword
DfE, method and tool requirements, product development, follow-up
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5193 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2005.02.003 (DOI)000235589400003 ()
Note
Uppdaterad från "In press" till published: 20101021. QC 20101021Available from: 2005-05-31 Created: 2005-05-31 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
5. Use and perception of Design for Environment (DfE) in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Use and perception of Design for Environment (DfE) in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Sweden
2003 (English)In: 2003 3RD INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ENVIRONMENTALLY CONSCIOUS DESIGN AND INVERSE MANUFACTURING - ECODESIGN '03, 2003, 723-730 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to give an image of the utilization and perception of DfE and methods and tools within some Swedish Small and Medium Sized Enterprises. The background is the large number of existing methods and tools in relation to the low utilization in the industry. The research method has been qualitative research interviews in ten companies. Some of the material is based on a Master Thesis written by Skoglund and Svensson (2002).

The education level about DfE is very low and the overall motivation for DfE in the companies seems to be low or nonexistent. The DfE method and tool utilization is zero. One reason for this lack of interest seems to be the low interest in environmental questions and DfE among customers. The number of environmental and DfE requirements are low.

The authors noted that environmental improvements have been made but not considered as environmental work, e.g. weight and fuel minimization but they are driven by for example quality or economical reasons.

There are two ways to get environmental improvements by using methods and tools, by specific DfE methods and tools and by integration of environmental considerations in the ordinary design methods and tools.

National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5194 (URN)000222499500134 ()
Conference
3rd International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing (EcoDesign 03) Tokyo, JAPAN, DEC 08-11, 2003
Note
QC 20101021Available from: 2005-05-31 Created: 2005-05-31 Last updated: 2010-10-21Bibliographically approved
6. User requirements for Design for Environment methods and tools
Open this publication in new window or tab >>User requirements for Design for Environment methods and tools
2004 (English)In: Journal of Sustainable Product Design, ISSN 1367-6679, E-ISSN 1573-1588Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5195 (URN)
Note
QS 20120316Available from: 2005-05-31 Created: 2005-05-31 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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