Loss of stability by migration and chemical reaction of Santonox R in branched polyethylene under anaerobic and aerobic conditions
2006 (English)In: Polymer degradation and stability, ISSN 0141-3910, E-ISSN 1873-2321, Vol. 91, no 5, 1071-1078 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Plaques of branched polyethylene stabilized with 0.1 wt.% 4,4′-thiobis(6-tert-butyl-3-methylphenol) [Santonox® R] were aged at different temperatures between 75 and 95°C in anaerobic (nitrogen or water) and aerobic (air or water saturated with air) media. Antioxidant concentration profiles were obtained by oxidation induction time (OIT) measurements using differential scanning calorimetry. Results obtained by high performance liquid chromatography of extracts confirmed that the gradual decrease in OIT with increasing ageing time was due to migration of antioxidant to the surrounding medium. The antioxidant concentration profiles along the plaque thickness direction were flat in the plaques aged in the non-aqueous media indicating that the migration of antioxidant to the surrounding medium was controlled by the low evaporation rate at the material boundary. Crystals of antioxidant were detected by optical microscopy on the samples exposed to nitrogen. The similarity of the antioxidant concentration profiles obtained after ageing in nitrogen and in air suggested that the fraction of the antioxidant oxidized is negligible in comparison with the loss of antioxidant by migration to the surrounding media. The antioxidant concentration profiles along the plaque thickness direction obtained after ageing in water were less flat, suggesting faster dissolution in the water phase than evaporation in the case of non-aqueous ageing. The antioxidant diffusivity could be determined from the aqueous experiments and was in reasonable agreement with data reported by Moisan. For the samples exposed to water, the loss of antioxidant was faster from the samples exposed to water saturated with air. This difference is attributed to a faster degradation of the antioxidant in the oxygen-containing water phase increasing the mass transport from the polymer phase boundary to the water phase.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 91, no 5, 1071-1078 p.
Branched polyethylene, Chemical consumption, Migration, Santonox R
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5196DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2005.07.010ISI: 000236076400011ScopusID: 2-s2.0-31444445573OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5196DiVA: diva2:8011
QC 20100921. Uppdaterad från Submitted till Published (20100921).2005-05-312005-05-312010-09-21Bibliographically approved