Opportunities for large scale solar photovoltiac systems in Swedish multi-family housing
2013 (English)In: 3rd International Workshop on Integration of Solar Power into Power Systems / [ed] Energynautics Gbmh, 2013Conference paper, Poster (Other academic)
Sweden is well known for its leadership in sustainability and energy system transformation; however solar photovoltaics have typically been left out. Recently, small residential systems have been gaining support through capital rebate subsidies and a number of utilities have begun offering modest net metering or feed-in tariff programs. There is a component of the Swedish residential sector with larger and more interesting potential; cooperative multi-family housing.
Cooperative ownership structures are common in Sweden, accounting for nearly 20% of the total housing stock and growing at a compound rate of 2% per year. Cooperatives are considered residences except they have the possibility to install commercial sized systems up to 2.5 MWp in size. This means they can leverage greater economies of scale over detached homes making them a more interesting target for solar installations. While the system is commercial in scale, features of commercial development like complicated financing, tax structures, and renewable energy credit markets are just as daunting to a cooperative as a villa owner.
This study is the introduction to a three year research program to be conducted from the cooperative point of view of installing solar PV. Included is a review of the current technical, economic and policy conditions in Sweden, a brief case study and proposals for future studies. Simulations are performed using the System Advisor Model from NREL. Results show that the levelized cost of energy can be competitive with retail rates, but maximized deployment may require some form of preferential metering.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
photovoltaic, multi-family housing, cooperative housing, Sweden, community solar, economics, review
Research subject Energy Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-164523ISBN: 978-3-9813870-8-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-164523DiVA: diva2:805988
3rd International Workshop on Integration of Solar Power into Power Systems, London, October 21-22, 2013
FunderSwedish Research Council Formas, 2012-256
QC 201504172015-04-172015-04-172015-04-17Bibliographically approved