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Direct numerical simulation of the flow around a wall-mounted square cylinder under various inflow conditions
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics, Stability, Transition and Control. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6570-5499
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics, Stability, Transition and Control. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9627-5903
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics, Stability, Transition and Control. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
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2015 (English)In: Journal of turbulence, ISSN 1468-5248, E-ISSN 1468-5248, Vol. 16, no 6, 555-587 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The flow around a wall-mounted square cylinder of side d is investigated by means of direct numerical simulation (DNS). The effect of inflow conditions is assessed by considering two different cases with matching momentum-thickness Reynolds numbers Re-theta similar or equal to 1000 at the obstacle: the first case is a fullyturbulent zero pressure gradient boundary layer, and the second one is a laminar boundary layer with prescribed Blasius inflow profile further upstream. An auxiliary simulation carried out with the pseudo-spectral Fourier-Chebyshev code SIMSON is used to obtain the turbulent time-dependent inflow conditions which are then fed into the main simulation where the actual flow around the cylinder is computed. This main simulation is performed, for both laminar and turbulent-inflows, with the spectral-element method code Nek5000. In both cases the wake is completely turbulent, and we find the same Strouhal number St similar or equal to 0.1, although the two wakes exhibit structural differences for x > 3d downstream of the cylinder. Transition to turbulence is observed in the laminar-inflow case, induced by the recirculation bubble produced upstream of the obstacle, and in the turbulent-inflow simulation the streamwise fluctuations modulate the horseshoe vortex. The wake obtained in our laminar-inflow case is in closer agreement with reference particle image velocimetry measurements of the same geometry, revealing that the experimental boundary layer was not fully turbulent in that dataset, and highlighting the usefulness of DNS to assess the quality of experimental inflow conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 16, no 6, 555-587 p.
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-164486DOI: 10.1080/14685248.2014.989232ISI: 000351597400004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-164486DiVA: diva2:806341
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

QC 20150420

Available from: 2015-04-20 Created: 2015-04-17 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Vinuesa, RicardoSchlatter, PhilippHenningson, Dan S.

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