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A Lifecycle Approach towards Building Information Management: Technical and procedural implications for the facility management and operations sector
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8557-9469
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A well-structured and coordinated information management practice is central to promoting efficiency in construction. Building information management encompasses authoring, interpretation, communication, coordination and storage of building information. The benefits envisioned by utilizing IT developments such as Building Information Modelling (BIM) in the facility management and operations (FM&O) sector are estimated to be far greater than in other sectors. There is, however, a gap between the knowledge available in the field of building information management and the actual demands of the architectural, engineering, construction and operation (AECO) industry, especially the FM&O sector.

The overall aim of this qualitative research is to develop knowledge that conceptualizes the lifecycle supporting implementation of BIM in the AECO industry with a focus on its implications for a BIM-enabled FM&O practice. This applied research comprises a number of summative and formative components: paper 1 investigates the existing and emerging information management systems for the FM&O sector and their characteristics. The focus of paper 2 is narrowed down to the technical requirements on building information management systems; while its temporal scope spans the entire lifecycle of buildings. Paper 3 is a further elaboration on the findings of paper 1 and covers the technical requirements of BIM-implementation in the FM&O sector. Paper 4 investigates workflows – another category of the issues identified in paper 1.

Paper 1 aims to provide a general understanding of the importance and implications of implementing BIM-enabled systems in the FM&O sector and also identifies the main categories of the issues associated with this approach. This literary paper reports on a basic research with a descriptive approach and builds upon the information from a non-exhaustive set of literature. In this paper, workflows, contracts and information technology have been identified as three categories of the issues associated with implementing BIM-enabled systems in the FM&O sector.

Paper 2 is also a literary research which draws on the notion of BIM repositories and aims to clarify the technical requirements for a more collaborative building industry as well as depicting the current status of building knowledge management technologies, recent trends and future prospects. Open format BIM repositories have been suggested as the cornerstones of an integrated information management system for AECO firms.

The aim of paper 3 is twofold: firstly, to summarize the current status of the building information management technologies applied in the facility operation activities and identifying prevailing issues; secondly, to devise some technical solutions for those issues based on a case project. In the first part of this study, a summarized description of information management configurations in eleven projects were extracted from literature and the technical issues within those systems were identified. Moreover, five major categories of contemporary technical solutions for enhancing information transfer from BIM to FM&O software were designated. Then, a narrative and illustrative representation and reconstruction of an IT-implementation project was developed.

Paper 4 is another literary study which aims to provide the theoretical basis for more focused studies on existing and desired processes in the FM&O sector and their associated information transactions. In this paper, firstly, the more common definitions of the key concepts have been revisited and discussed. Then, the generic types of the processes, activities and organizational roles common to FM&O firms, the types of information required by each actor and how such information are acquired have been presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, 2015. , x, 41 p.
Series
TRITA-FOB-LIC, 2015:3
Keyword [en]
Building Information Modelling, facilities management, facility management and operation, interoperability, building information management, BIM repository, workflow process, BIM, FM&O
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-164954ISBN: 978-91-85783-48-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-164954DiVA: diva2:806658
Presentation
2015-05-06, Sal L1, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20150423

Available from: 2015-04-23 Created: 2015-04-21 Last updated: 2015-04-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Is The Age of Facility Managers’ Paper Boxes Over?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is The Age of Facility Managers’ Paper Boxes Over?
2013 (English)In: Proceedings of the 19th CIB World Building Congress, 2013Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Seamless and accurate hand-over of building information is a major bottleneck in promoting an automated facilities management (FM) practice and an integrated and life-cycle-oriented construction. Few Building Information Modelling (BIM) tools have so far been developed specifically for facility managers. Current data input methods applied for conventional Computerized Maintenance and Management Systems (CMMS) are prone to duplicate information entries and information loss. Such an approach to data management builds up additional costs and seriously hampers fulfilment of environmental goals.

In search of a thorough acknowledgement of both technical and process-based requirements for dealing with the aforementioned deficiencies, this descriptive theoretical study takes a qualitative approach and focuses on status quo and potentials for migration of building information and analytical capabilities from AEC-centric BIM tools to facility managers, owners, and users. Data has been collected mainly through literature and workshops. It has been complemented by a number of exploratory studies on existing technologies. This is a basic research aimed at illuminating the path for further applied research activities.

Results show that the bulk of the FM sector still confronts substantial challenges regarding appropriate access to building information that is often caused by deficiencies with current workflows, contracts, and IT infrastructure. Thorough implementation of established and developing standards such as IFC and COBie to be used in BIM-enabled FM systems entails a complete shift from as-designed and as-built documents to their as-commissioned and as-operated successors. In an interoperable FM information system based on or closely connected to post-constructional BIM technologies, performance data, and sensor data from Building Automation Systems (BAS’s) will be cycled back to inform both better design and better operation.

Keyword
FM:BIM, facilities management, BIM, CMMS, FM:BIM:BAS
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-134310 (URN)
Conference
CIB World Building Congress,
Note

QC 20131217

Available from: 2013-11-20 Created: 2013-11-20 Last updated: 2015-04-23Bibliographically approved
2. A Holistic Approach to Acquisition of Building Information for a More Efficient Collaboration
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Holistic Approach to Acquisition of Building Information for a More Efficient Collaboration
2013 (English)In: PROCEEDINGS FROM 7TH NORDIC CONFERENCE ON CONSTRUCTION ECONOMICS AND ORGANISATION 2013 GREEN URBANISATION– IMPLICATIONS FOR VALUE CREATION: GREEN URBANISATION– IMPLICATIONS FOR VALUE CREATION, Construction Researchers on Economics and Organisation in the Nordic region (CREON) , 2013, 468-561 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Maintaining seamless, error-free, accurate and automated hand-over of building information is one of the most oppressive obstacles to a collaborated building design and delivery practice and a life-cycle-oriented construction. Contemporary building data technologies such as Building Information Modelling (BIM) offer a handful of possibilities towards this end. Nonetheless, utilization of the full capacity of BIM demands a neutral and standardized approach often termed as open BIM. This may translate to implementation of buildingSMART’s standard building data model, IFC, for exchange of data among different sectors throughout building industry. This study is a basic research on the status quo and potentials for developing and maintaining an integrated approach toward data management within AEC/FM organizations. Automated, sustained and error-free transfer of building information and analytical capabilities from AEC-centric BIM tools to facility managers, in specific, is a cutting-edge area which demands technical and organizational solutions. Document- and stage-based thinking and silo mentalities among AEC firms and legislative inertia are some major hindrances against this goal. A complete shift from as-designed and as-built documents and models to their as-commissioned, as-operated and as-maintained counterparts, however, entails development of a building information infrastructure that persistently enable versioning, traceability and visibility of data originated from a multitude of resources. In order for a BIM repository to serve this need, it should fulfil certain requirements and possess specific functionalities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Construction Researchers on Economics and Organisation in the Nordic region (CREON), 2013
Keyword
BIM repository, BIM, interoperability, facility management
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-134311 (URN)9788232102730/ (ISBN)
Conference
7th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization,TRONDHEIM 12–14 JUNE 2013
Note

QC20131217

Available from: 2013-11-20 Created: 2013-11-20 Last updated: 2015-04-23Bibliographically approved
3. Effective facility management and operations via a BIM-based integrated information system
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effective facility management and operations via a BIM-based integrated information system
2014 (English)In: PROCEEDINGS OF CIB FACILITIES MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE USING FACILITIES IN AN OPEN WORLD CREATING VALUE FOR ALL STAKEHOLDERS, Polyteknisk Boghandel og Forlag, 2014, 442-453 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is firstly to summarize the status quo of the building information management technologies applied in the facility management and operations (FM&O) sector and identifying prevailing issues; and secondly, to devise technical solutions for those issues based on an exemplar case.

 

Background: Considerable financial losses could occur as the result of insufficient interoperability issues among information systems. In order to minimize losses, Building Information Management (BIM) tools must be able to interoperate with a variety of digital FM&O systems.

 

Approach: This research applies the principles of grounded theory as well as conceptual constructs of a proposed BIM framework. Firstly, descriptions of information management systems of eleven projects in technical reports are analyzed and the prevailing technical issues extracted. Then, a narrative representation of an IT-implementation project together with its organizational context has been provided. Finally, the most important issues from recent projects have been presented together with their respective solutions provided by the case project.

 

Results: The results demonstrate that the most important issues in implementing BIM for streamlining FM&O activities are lack of guidelines and efficient technologies for capturing BIM models of existing facilities, coping with non-consistent terminologies and taxonomies, requirements specification in BIM applications, and identifying which information and what levels of detail are desired by the FM&O teams.

 

Practical implications: In addition to scholars, the results are useful to database implementers and database designers, as well as decision-making buddies in the FM&O sector.

 

Research limitations: More research in this area is needed with a focus on business processes and regulatory requirements.

 

Originality/value: No earlier research has so thoroughly described the overall architecture and functionalities of different components of an integrated BIM FM portal solution with regard to the latest findings in both theory and practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Polyteknisk Boghandel og Forlag, 2014
Keyword
BIM FM, Facility Management, FM&O, Building Information Modelling, Interoperability
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-164953 (URN)
Conference
JOINT CIB W070, W111 & W118 CONFERENCE, TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF DENMARK, COPENHAGEN, 21 - 23 MAY 2014
Note

QC 20150423

Available from: 2015-04-21 Created: 2015-04-21 Last updated: 2015-05-22Bibliographically approved
4. An overview of information logistics for FM&O business processes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An overview of information logistics for FM&O business processes
2015 (English)In: eWork and eBusiness in Architecture, Engineering and Construction - Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Product and Process Modelling, ECPPM 2014, CRC Press, 2015, 719-725 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Systems that warrant a sustained collection, analysis and retrieval of building information are essential to maintain a smooth and steady flow of information across the diversity of actors throughout building lifecycle phases. Benefits of using Building Information Management (BIM) tools for this purpose will not be fully realized unless the Facility Management and Operation (FM&O) activities and processes are adjusted accordingly. This paper aims to provide the theoretic basis for more focused studies on existing and desired processes in the FM&O sector and their associated information transactions. Academic literature as well as empirical studies in the subject area of building information management and workflow processes of the FM&O sector are consulted and analyzed. An overview of the types and taxonomies of generic FM&O activities and processes, disciplinary actors within the sector and their information needs are provided.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CRC Press, 2015
Keyword
Architectural design, Information management, Office buildings, Process engineering, Academic literature, Building life cycle, Business Process, Empirical studies, Facility management, Information logistics, Information transaction, Workflow process
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-157874 (URN)000380490000097 ()2-s2.0-84907360117 (Scopus ID)978-113802710-7 (ISBN)
External cooperation:
Conference
10th European Conference on Product and Process Modelling, ECPPM 2014, 17 September 2014 through 19 September 2014, Vienna, Austria
Note

QC 20141217

Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2016-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Parsanezhad, Pouriya

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